Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Somalia H:E President of Federal Republic of Somalia H.E Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo, The Arab League Amman Summit Speech





Somalia H:E President of Federal Republic of Somalia H.E Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo
 The president's speech
President of the Federal Republic of Somalia 
Somalia H:E President of Federal Republic of Somalia H.E Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo, The Arab League Amman Summit Speech
before the 
Arab Summit 
held in Sea the Dead Jordan 
March 29, 2017 In the 
name of God the Merciful Your 
Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses , 


Excellencies 
His Excellency the Secretary General of the League of Arab State
 
Gentlemen , heads of delegations 
ladies and Gentlemen, 
peace be upon you and God 's mercy and blessings be upon you 
begin by thanking and appreciation to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 's King, government and people , and especially thank His Majesty King Abdullah II, President of the twenty - eighth session of the summit presentation Yeh for his kind invitation to us to participate in the work ofthis summit, and for the warm reception and generous hospitality, I wouldalso like to thank and due to His Excellency President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz , President of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania , the sister, thePresident of the previous summit , which led the vessel to safety wisely. 
- and I share for the first time in an Arab summit let me extend my sincere thanks and gratitude to Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses and HE the Secretary General of the League of Arab States to congratulate them and Tpricathm us on the occasion Atnkhabna President of the Republic of Somalia , federal, and assure you that I will do my best to be an active member and active contributor in the Arab labor joint. 
Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses: It 
was natural to convene the Arab summits always the Arab world passes through certain circumstances, where each summit dealt with topics and issues before it and issue appropriate decisions according to the prevailing circumstances, and this summit , like other Arab summits held in exceptional circumstances and in the period critical and accurate Arab world , which is facing the challenges of security, political, economic and humanitarian needs us more collective action and to unify the efforts and the word and take appropriate decisions to confront and overcome insurance for the protection of our present and for the future of our countries and our peoples. 
- The security and humanitarian challenges of the most serious facing theArab world at the moment and came mostly due to internal differences, Throughout the Arab world are suffering our people in Iraq, Syria, Libya and Yemen , the problem of strife, wars , and the lack of security and stability, so we invite them all to renounce violence and unite and tell them the reality of Our experience and long bitter that there is no alternative to dialogue and sit at the negotiating table, then stand united against the terrorists who reject peace because terrorism is aimed at everyone. 
• All crises and challenges that we talked about and facing a number of Arab countries sister and other threatening and ignite the fire on Aziza from the Arab parts of the body, it can not end with a magic wand unless our summit take this crucial political decisions extinguish the fire before the flames reach the relatively safe areas the entire Arab body Victal. 
• I am in this place the oldest advice fraternal Arab countries which iswitnessing disputes and internal conflicts and acts of violence that benefit from the experience and the lesson of Somalia there is no substitute for dialogue, no matter how prolonged the war and whatever spilled the blood of the parties will turn eventually to dialogue so they inject their blood. 
Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses: 
Despite the crises and challenges looming over the Arab world has bled you human from Somalia , where he held elections in our country early this year in an atmosphere for peaceful and unprecedented Anthus free democratic transparent and was broadcast live in full view of all the world starting with the legislative elections , which the Somali people elected according to which the members of the Federal parliament , which consists of the parliament and the Senate, followed by the presidential elections that were not less enthusiastic presence and where the members of parliament and the Senate together to perform the constitutional duty and the election of a new president of the Republic responded in a manner Rigg Of the Somali people in change and received the Somali people as a result of the elections by welcoming and cheers, and welcomed and blessed by the international community, and these elections have been through the ballot boxes peaceful transfer of power between the new presidents and former before the heavy presence of international Almojta and under the eyes of the local and international media lenses, and in the light of the election result, according as determined by the Constitution and the system in force in the country, we have appointed brother Hassan Ali charity a new prime minister who won the confidence of the parliament and on March 21 the formation of the new government and submitted it to the parliament again to gain confidence. 
Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses: 
Somalia 's new government faces a number of challenges that need to be realistic planning and support to our brothers and friends to overcome. Many polymorphic challenges and worst: 
1. the danger of extremism and terrorism , 
the continuing attacks and terrorist bombings subsequent that destroy what was built by the Somalis with their efforts and their race and claim the lives of thousands of unarmed innocent and deplete the human and material energies, is the president who is an obstacle to the reconstruction of Somalia and restore security and stability of the danger. It is true that terrorism has become epidemic spread in most of the world 's continents, but we suffered from the Massaibh for is short and more than any other country, and the reality of the experience we call on the world to unite positions and coordinate its efforts and assembling its resources to confront and eradicate the plague of terrorism , which does not exclude anyone. 
2. wave of drought and famine: 
recurrent drought in Somalia is due to the phenomenon of climate change in the world and the interruption of rain, dry rivers and gore water sources, causing famine and the spread of epidemics and deadly diseases for more than three million children, women and elderly Somalis who may be exposed to the risk of death unless their ministry and providing assistance to them, and also causes drought killed millions of heads of livestock which is one of the most important pillars of the Somali economy. The face of the risk of drought need urgent action and effective relief to those affected and need a movement medium and long term to find sustainable solutions to break the cycles of successive drought by providing permanent water sources and the expansion of agricultural land. 
3. limited physical possibilities: 
no doubt that any country is exposed to a series of wars and strife and turmoil for a period of twenty - six years will collapse , its economy and up to the brink of bankruptcy and poverty no matter how great potential and flourishing economy , and this situation is Mayaaneha the Somali people at the moment and make efforts to overcome them. 
- Somali people face the challenges and risks that I 've listed thetogetherness of the official and popular efforts and stand united and bearing in mind first and foremost to assist drought - affected where harnessing all material capabilities limited to provide some of the immediate needs of food and medical supplies , but the little that we have to Effi the desired goal and ISD the need for affected brothers therefore appeal to our brothers in the Arab world from governments, philanthropic organizations and the private sector to rise up to save millions of Somalis affected by providing emergency humanitarian aid of food, medical and water drinkable Oll Agriculture and livestock watering. 
Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses: 
The temporary aid and aid emergency can not be a solution to what we are experiencing economic problems and do not achieve what we are looking for economic growth and rebuilding the infrastructure and the fight against terrorism, extremism and provide security to the citizens so we appeal to our brothers in the Arab countries to take one practical steps include: 
1. to stand by the Somali government and its support in the fight against terrorism and extremism through the Somali National army and security services building and the provision of equipment necessary for them weapons and help improve the performance of the judicial organs and the judiciary. 
2. Review the special support of Somalia items in the decisions taken by the Arab summits of successive terms of the new government of the Republic of Somalia attaches hopes to implement the provisions of these resolutions, and we request the current of our summit to issue decisions calls for treatment plant assistance to meet the challenges and risks that we mentioned and to activate and implement all decisions with the support of Somalia, and the mention of which decision to Sharm el - Sheikh summit to provide urgent financial support amounting to ten million dollars a month for the Somali government 's budget for one year and the decision to hold a conference for the development of Arab Somalia this year, and in this context , I would like to express our thanks Jizzi And gratitude for the decision of the State of Kuwait to host conference to support Somalia 's education sector , hoping to take place as soon as possible and look forward to Arab broad participation and effective in this conference, reform of the education sector approaches important to address the problems of Somalia and in the forefront of the problem of violence directed young Somali movements of terrorist and extremist. 
3. invite Arab businessmen and the private sector to Arab investment in Somalia and more open Arab markets to Somali products. 
4. Provide possible long - term Odion financial aid to help Somalia in theextraction of resources buried in the ground and in the depths of the sea and the development of agricultural, livestock and fisheries. 
Conclusion: I renew thanks to His Majesty King Abdullah II , King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Holy audience you asking God to grant our summit with success

Saturday, March 25, 2017

COMMUNIQUÉ: SPECIAL SUMMIT OF THE IGAD HEADS OF STATE ON DURABLE SOLUTIONS FOR SOMALI REFUGEES

COMMUNIQUÉ:  SPECIAL SUMMIT OF THE IGAD HEADS OF STATE ON DURABLE SOLUTIONS FOR SOMALI REFUGEES
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Somali President His Excellency Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo IGAD summit speech



Federal Republic of Somalia
Statement by the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia
On Special Summit of IGAD Heads of States and Governments on Protection and Durable Solutions of Somali Refugees
Nairobi, 25 March 2017

Excellences and distinguished delegates:

Presidents, Prime Ministers and Vice Presidents of the IGAD Member States;
I would like to take this opportunity to thank H.E. President Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya for hosting this special Summit on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees.

I would also like to thank the head of the UN High Commission for Refugees, H.E. Filippo Grandi and Ambassador Alex Rondos of the European Union for co-organizing this important event.

Most importantly, I want to express my deepest gratitude to the people and governments of IGAD member states and Yemen, who collectively host more than one million Somali refugees in their countries. Your generosity to my people at the time of their greatest need is immensely appreciated. On behalf of my people, we are eternally grateful to you.

Distinguished Guests; Ladies and Gentleman:

I take this opportunity to commend you for the commitment you have demonstrated by attending this important summit, which renews attention to the plight of Somali refugees and IDPs, considered to be one of the most protracted problems in the world.

This summit is the culmination of a series of meetings and side events intended to bring to the attention of the world, the magnitude and complexity of the Somali refugees and IDPs. I refer here to a few of those meetings:
The High Level Global Initiative on Somali Refugees in Geneva in 2013, followed by the one in Addis Ababa in August 2014 which resulted in the Addis Ababa Commitment by the countries in the region hosting Somali refugees.

These commitments were also highlighted at the High Level Partnership Forum held in Mogadishu between 29-30 July 2015, the High Level side event on Somalia held at the margins of the General Assembly in New York on 28 September 2015, the General Assembly meeting and September’s Commitment to Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and its side event on Somali refugees, and lastly, the IGAD meeting held in Mogadishu on the 13th September 2016 and its resolution to hold this Special Summit.

These commitments and those entered into within the Tripartite Agreement of November 2013, and its six months extension, all are based on two crucial principles which are: To find sustainable and durable solutions to the problem of Somali displacement, and to preserve the institution of asylum.
Let me say at the outset that, it is my hope that we will be able to re-dedicate ourselves to the achievement of both these aspects for the benefit of the Somali displaced people.

Today, about two and half million Somali refugees and IDPs live in camps in and out of the country. Tragically, some have lived in these camps for 3 generations, all because the environment wasn’t conducive enough in Somalia for them to return. That said, many have voluntarily returned over the past few years, as conditions in their regions have improved gradually.
However, the current drought and the looming famine pose yet another challenge to voluntary return. We must not leave a stone unturned to avert another famine in Somalia.

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen:

The Federal Government of Somalia has made Durable Solutions for Refugees and IDPs a centerpiece of its resilience strategy. The basis of our strategy is the inherent believe that refugees and IDPs are deeply tired of being displaced and living on handouts in squalid camps. Moreover, it’s based on the principle that the overwhelming majority of them would rather live in dignity and self-reliance. Based on that, our strategy aims to unshackle them from the vicious cycle of displacement, and investing in their innate ability to reclaim their dignity. For far too long, we have been investing in the management of refugees and IDPs. Time has come for us to invest in their God-given ability to manage themselves.

Thursday, March 23, 2017

Daawo War Farxad leh Qodo Muhim ah oo ay ku heshiyen Somali iyo Kenya

Press Release: Dhamaan Xubnaha Xildhibaanada ah ee isku bahaystay qabyalaada si ay sadbursi awoodeed u helaan

سَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

 Press release: Gudoomiya Isbadaldoonka shacabka soomaaliyeed

Ku: Dhamaan Xubnaha Xildhibaanada ah ee isku bahaystay qabyalaada si ay sadbursi awoodeed u helaan =Muqdisho=
Ujeeddo:- Digniin kama danbeys ah.
Anigoo ku hadlaaya magaca dhamaan Isimada ama Salaadiinta caafimaadka qaba ee Beelaha Soomaaliyeed meel ay joogaanba, magaca Shacabka Soomaaliyeed ee wadaniyiinta ah iyo magacayga waxaan uga digaayaa inay kusii adkaystaan ama kusii dhiiradaan falkooda daneystanimo ee meelka dhaca ku ah Xildhibaanada kale ee sharafta leh dhamaan Xildhibaanada isu bahaystey qabyaalada si ay sadbursi awoodeed uga helaan Xukuumadeena curdanka ah ee baryahan ku mashquulsanaa in ay is hortaagaan ansixinta Golaha Wasiirada la magacaabey dhawaan.
 Waxaan leeyahay Xildhibaanoow Allaah ka cabsada cabsida uu mudan yahay kana waantooba qabyaalada iyo isbahaysiga xaqdara ku dhisan ee kasoo horjeeda Maslaxada Guud ee Dalka, Dadka iyo Diinta Soomaaliyeed isla mar ahaantaasna ceebta ku ah magaciina iyo diintiina maadaama aad Allaah hortiisa Kitaab ku dhaarateen inaad daacad ugu adeegaysaan Maslaxada Dalka, Dadka iyo Diinta Soomaaliyeed.
 Soomaalidu waxay ku maahmaahdaa "meeshaad nin ka qaadatid nin ayaa uga tagtey" ee ogaada hadaad qabiilkiina la safataan inaad Qaranimadii qabyaalad ka doorateen, taariikhdaana xusi doonta Xildhibaan walbaa sidii u dhaqmay mudaduu xilka hayey.
Allaah xeer u dhigta Ummaddana ka xishooda inshaa Allaahh.


Wa billaahi towfiiq.
Email: shaaciye1@live.se
Tel: +46767131933
Stockholm Swede

Kenyan president Hosted a State Banquet in honour of Somalia President H:E Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed. President Republic of Kenya H:E Uhuru Kenyatta Joint press briefing

link
President Republic of Kenya H:E Uhuru KenyattaJoint press briefing with H:E Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

 Kenyan president Hosted a State Banquet in honour of Somalia President H:E Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed at State House
Hosted a State Banquet in honour of Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed at State House.

Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmaajo) Kenya State Visit

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Why al-Shabaab Attacks Kenya: Questioning the Narrative Paradigm: Terrorism and Political Violence: Vol 0, No 0

This article questions the current narrative paradigm and argues that al-Shabaab attacks Kenya for strategic and highly rational reasons, beyond sharing a border and having bases in southern Somalia closer to major population centres than Ethiopia or Uganda. Al-Shabaab targets Kenya more than other frontline states because of the opportunity spaces linked to Kenya’s international status and visibility, its relatively free and independent media that widely publicizes terrorist attacks, a highly developed and lucrative tourist sector that provides soft targets, the comparatively high number of Kenyan foreign fighters within the group’s ranks, the presence of terror cells in Kenya, expanding democratic space, and high levels of corruption. These variables play into al-Shabaab’s motivations and aid planning and execution of terrorist acts that aim to fulfil the group’s quest to survive by maintaining relevance. In order to address this predictable menace, we offer a number of measures that Kenya needs to take, including reducing corruption in order to properly invest in intelligence efforts and relevant homeland security measures, thereby making it possible for Kenya to sustainably and effectively combat al-Shabaab.
Why al-Shabaab Attacks Kenya: Questioning the Narrative Paradigm: Terrorism and Political Violence: Vol 0, No 0: (2017). Why al-Shabaab Attacks Kenya: Questioning the Narrative Paradigm. Terrorism and Political Violence. Ahead of Print. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2017.1290607

Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo said UN chief's visit to Somalia reinforces the severity of the drought facing Somalia


Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo said UN chief's visit to Somalia reinforces the severity of the drought facing the country,

Make Somalia Great Again Somalia newly elected President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo ia Already making Somalia Great Again

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Somalia: Countdown to AMISOM Withdrawal

Kampala — The swearing-in last week of Somalia's new President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" was greeted with a surge of optimism on the streets of Mogadishu that a new era of stability was on its way.
He won by a landslide, on a wave of nationalist fervour. But the fact that the ceremony took place in a highly secured airport zone, under the control of African Union peacekeepers, in a city repeatedly bombed by the jihadist group al-Shabab, betrays how huge the task confronting him is.
The International Crisis Group's latest report said Farmajo had benefited from being seen as the right leader "to build a robust Somali National Army (SNA), speed up the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)'s exit, stabilise security, curb interventions by neighbouring countries, and protect Somalia's dignity and sovereignty."
But this is an ambitious wish list and the path ahead is fraught with danger.
Countdown
Central to Somalia's security is the 22,000-strong AMISOM multinational force. It has been in Somalia for a decade, battling al-Shabab and helping slowly expand state authority.
AMISOM is due to start withdrawing its troops from October next year and is expected to be fully out of the country by December 2020, handing over to the SNA, which will probably number just 20,000.
"AMISOM alone cannot defeat al-Shabab," said a report last year by Mogadishu's Heritage Institute for Policy Studies (HIPS). "This can only happen if AMISOM can partner with a capable, legitimate and inclusive set of Somali security forces."
But the Somali National Army is a force beset with problems, particularly over corruption, capacity and its acceptance in regions beyond Mogadishu. At the moment, there are doubts it will be able to stand up to a degraded, but still dangerous, insurgency.
Francisco Madeira, AU special representative to Somalia, is painfully aware of that challenge. "Building the capacity of the Somali National Security Forces is something that is central to the mandate of AMISOM, and we are doing this to the best of our ability and within the available resources," he told IRIN
oo soon?
Given this, and the historically weak and divided nature of the Somali state, experts fear AMISOM's departure will be premature.
"It seems highly unlikely to me that the Somali army [and state institutions] would be ready in just three years, given the current state of the security situation," said Nina Wilen, a research fellow at Université Libre de Bruxelles.
"A withdrawal of AMISOM in 2020 will be untimely," agreed Christian Ani Ndubuisi, a researcher at the Institute for Security Studies. A more viable option, he believes, is for international donors to support a longer transition, of five to 10 years.
The challenge for AMISOM is that exiting Somalia with some honour hinges on several factors beyond its control. Crucially, it relies on international funding, and not enough has been forthcoming "to seriously degrade rather than simply displace al-Shabab", said the HIPS report.
AMISOM draws its main fighting forces from Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Burundi. Allowances for the troops are paid by the EU, and logistical support - from food to medical supplies - is provided by the UN. The attack helicopters it desperately needs have not been available.
There is also now trouble in the ranks of the troop-contributing nations, which have threatened to withdraw ever since the EU cut the monthly allowance paid to soldiers by 20 percent in January 2016, from $1,028 to $822.
While the AU argues that its soldiers bleed and the West provides only money, the EU counters that there are other peace operations on the continent deserving of its support, including Central African Republic, Mali and the Lake Chad crisis.
"AMISOM will celebrate its 10th year this year, and the main funder [the EU] does not see the light at the end of the tunnel," said Thierry Vircoulon, ICG project director for Central Africa. "It is not ready to fund another never-ending peacekeeping mission as the UN usually does."
Somalia: Countdown to AMISOM Withdrawal - Is Somalia Ready? - allAfrica.com

Moderate Islamist group signals relations with new Somalia government, Alhusuna leader Mohamed Shakir Hassan ready to work with Somalia President Mohamed Farmaajo’s

                   Alhusuna leader Mohamed Shakir Hassan  ready to work with Somalia President Mohamed Farmaajo’s

The moderate Islamist group Ahlusuna wal Jamaa has indicated its willingness to work with the Federal Government but maintained unwillingness to cede ground for established Federal States in central Somalia.
In an exclusive interview with terror free somalia blog Mohamed Shakir Hassan the group’s leader for the so called Central Regions territory said they were ready to work with President Mohamed Farmaajo’s administration but on condition they are regarded like any other regional administration.
“We do not have any problem with the current administration. Our issue was with former president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud who brought an administration which had nothing to do with the people of Galmudug. He came with his supporter and violated the constitution by allowing the formation of a state from one and half regions,” said Hassan.
Galmudug state formed in 2015 is made up of Galgadud region and the southern part of Mudug. The Provisional constitution notes two or more states can join to form a state. Ahlusuna walked of the state formation conference in April 2015 and has since occupied the Dhuusamareb, the supposed administrative capital for Galmudug state.
The 43 year Hassan who says is now pursuing a PhD in political science from Ahqaf University in Yemen claims Ahlusuna’s territory straddles the central regions to cover Mudug, Hiiran and Galmudug. Alhusuna is however primarily based in Dhuusamareb.
Asked how possible it is that a small group made up of two communities could claim stake of three regions, Hassan dismisses it as fabrication of the media. “That is how the media makes people believe. As you can see even the man who organized the interview for you is an MP in my administration but comes from a different clan outside Dhuusamareb.”
Ahlusuna wal Jamaa fought alongside Somali forces in driving out Al-Shabaab from parts of central Somalia but fell out with the government over what it termed as exclusion despite efforts at pacifying the region.
Hassan is not open to the idea of discussing his troop numbers but says ‘they are enough to control the three regions and were strong enough to finish Al-Shabaab’. As to the sources of funding for the group, Hassan states “We get money from supporters of the Alhusuna liberation and our administration is supported by all in Galmudug, Alhusuna, Himin and Heeb and consists of Mudug, Galgadud and Hiiraan.”
Himin and Hebb existed alongside Galmudug before 2014 but joined together to form Galmudug state.
During his meeting with President Farmaajo, Hassan says they did not discuss the Galmudug issue but instead focused on efforts to fight Al-Shabaab. The leader who could not see eye to eye with former president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attended President Farmaajo’s inauguration in what was seen as a sign of better relations with the new administration.
But Hassan is categorical that Alhusuna fighters will not surrender their weapons to the government. “We will not give out our weapons. Alhusuna is just like any other region and the government must deal with us as a regional state,” said Hassan. He assured humanitarian agencies however of free movement noting they restricted movement in the past because of the bad relations with Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s administration.
On his group’s relations with Ethiopia, Hassan observes, “we enjoy good relationship with Ethiopia just like we do with the new government.”

Two Political Novices To Lead Somalia´ New Era


After unanimous endorsement by the parliament, Somali’s new Prime Minsiter Mr. Hassan Khayre, a novice and newcomer to the political landscape, embarks a new venture that is markedly different from his corporate and humanitarian background, to a volatile and often tumultuous politics.
Mr Khayre, who until he was appointed to PM was minor shareholder of Som & Oil Gas Company, faces immediate and steep challenges that stems from, but not limited to, forming new lean cabinet, reorganizing the federal government institutions, charting a new path towards transitioning the country into one-man-one vote in 2020. In new aura of overwhelming expectation, the cabinet will define the premiership and, to larger extent, the presidency.
It is in this process of coming up with the names of ministers that the President and Prime Minister will confront the mounting pressure from the various political actors who are seeking to have their names included in the new cabinet. Among the major political actors who are already lobbying for cabinet posts include the federal member states – namely Jubba, South West, Galmudug, Hirshabelle and Puntland, and they have been relentlessly maneuvering around the new PM’s resident and office. Similarly, the Mogadishu-based political brokers, who often compose of various Islamist groups, clan affiliates, business groups, civil societies and former politicians are among the actors and lobbyist looking for new cabinet posts. Managing these various competing actors – and meeting their demands – is another major litmus test for Mr. Kheire’s leadership, who already made several promises to certain clans before his endorsement.
which ultimately result the PM’s ejection in vote of no confidence, and leads to political paralysis. Although the president Farmaajo promised a new era of political stability and zero-conflict with PM, yet the political infighting between the president and PM has its roots in the provisional constitution, rather than the political aspect. Strikingly, the last two presidents, Hassan Shiekh and Shiekh Shariif had six PM in each, and both have fought and finally fired two PM for each.
Additionally, the challenges ahead for the two Khayre will include how to handle with competing actors who have vested interest in Somalia, both locally and internationally.
“Long time powers deep based on interest and they are more powerful than government and they include security firms , business and humanitarian organizations” Abdishakur Abdirahman a former Minister in the Somali government recently tweeted.
And in many cases those would want to use financial influence to have their wishes met. Corruption has affected past administration and is one of the major impediments to the development of Somalia and the country is ranked highly in Africa for this wrong reason.
In seemingly blunt term, the new PM has recently tweeted: “We will tackle corruption I vow to prosecute individuals implicated regardless of her status. The area of impunity is over” Khayre said immediately after his approval today.
Plenty of questions remain unanswered or needs to be seen. Will the duo be able to deal with the impunity from persons with much influence on the government he runs? If yes what new measures are they likely to introduce to put an end to corruption and impunity?
“Corruption is widely involved in all sectors of the government and politicians have experience on how to go about corrupt dealings. It means the new administration need to deal careful and ensure accountability” Abdishakur advises.
Another delicate act of balance is how president Farmaajo and PM Khayre balance the needs of Somalia and the diplomatic relations with its neighboring countries, chiefly Kenya and Ethiopia, both of whom attended Farmaajo’s inauguration and promised a continued cooperation with new administration.
They find a Somalia that has a 20000 plus AU peace keeping troops with regional military powers Ethiopia and Kenya been part of it . Private security firms from the US and other countries are present to offer services to the many organizations operating in the country.
The country is at a juncture in its history where it is still in need of assistance after two decades of civil war especially now that it is dealing with an insurgency by militant group Alshabaab and an ongoing drought.
Beyond the neighboring countries, Turkey and UAE are increasingly dipping their feet and influence in Somalia. Both Turkey and UAE provide significant financial support to federal government, and both of have commitment with previous administrations to establish new military base, which could trigger a new wave of sectarian proxy that could potentially have impact on Somalia. As Rashid Abdi, analysts at International Crisis Group (ICG) tweeted today: “A growing militarization of Red Sea, Golf of Aden and Geopolitical competition make combustible mix for the region.Somalis are wary the border of Horn of Africa belt which bas became a new conduit for Arab proxy battlefield”.
Taking leaf from his mentor and inspirational figure, Mr. Kheire mentioned former PM Abdirizak Haji Hussine, who was regared among the most successful PM ever Somalia had.
“The creed of government will be competence and efficiency as was the motto of former PM Abdirizak Haji Hussein” Kheyre said on Wednesday in reference to the Somali PM who served between 64 and 67 just less than one year before the current Prime Minister was born.
Finally, the appointment of PM Kheire marks a new paradigm shift in the power sharing and the political structure of the country. His appointment was welcomed across the aisle, and people are closely watching his new cabinet and administration.

Abdirahman Warsame
terror free somalia
fallow me at @twitter
@terrorfreesomal 

Monday, February 27, 2017

MUXUU YAHAY NIDAAMKA FEDERAALKU?

Federaalku  waa  nidaam  dowladeedkaasoo  awoodda  dowladda  dastuurka  dalku  u qeybiyo  dowladda  dhexe  iyo  dowlad  goboleedyada.  Maamul goboleedyadu  waxayleeyihiin  meekhaan  maamul  hoosaad  ah,  oo  waxay  haystaan xukun  hoosaad  ay gobolladooda  kumaamulaan. Awoodaha  ay  ku  shaqeeyaan  dowlad  goboleedyadu dowladdadhexe  ma  siiso.Awoodahooda  waxay  ka  helaan  dastuurka  dalka  u  yaalla. Dowladda qaab kaan ah waxay ka duwan tahay nidaamka unitary ga kaasoo awoodaha dowladda oo dhan uu gacanta ugu jiro dowladda dhexe oo kaliya. Ma jiro nidaam dastuuri ah  oo  awoodaha  u  qaybiniya  dowladda dhexe  iyo  maamul  goboleedyada  nidaamka unitary  ga  mid  kaasoo  kaduwan  midka  fadaraalka  ah.

Nidaamka  fadaraalka  ah awoodaha  dalka  lagu  maamulo  waxaa  loo  qaybiyaa  dowladda  dhexe  iyo  dowlad goboleedyada  xubnaha  ka  ah  waddanka  fadaraalka  ah.Labada  dhinac  midkastaa awoodihiisa  wuxuu  ka  helaa  dastuurka  dalka  u  qoran.  Mid  mid  ku  xad  gudbikaraana majiro  sababtoo  ah  sharciga  dalka  u  dhigan  baa  xad  dastuuri  ah  u sameeyey, awoodahooduna xudduud bay kala leeyihiin.Habka dowliga ah ee kor ku qoranwaddankii uu ka jiro waa dal fadaraal ah.Waa nidaam awooduhu u qaybsan yihiin dowladda dhexe iyo dowlad goboleedyada. 

Fadaraalku waa xeelad siyaasadeed oo lagu doonayo in la iswaa fajiyo midnimada qaranka, awoodaha oo la qaybsado, iyadoo la taageerayo xuquuqa dalka. Waana midnimada,jiritaankadalka iyo awoodaha gaarka ahdowladda dhexe ee fadaraalka ah. Awoodaha dowladda dhexeeefadaraalka  ahgaarka  u  ah  waa  siyaasaddaarrimaha  dibadda,  gaashaandhigga,dhaqaalaha, amnigaiyo horumarinta kaabashaaya dhaqaalaha (infrastructure). Maamul goboleedyada  dalka  fadaraalka  uu  ka  kooban  yahay  ma  rabaan  in  ay  ka  tanaasulaan awoodahooda dastuurku uusiiyey ama siinayo.Haddii ay awoodahooda dowladda dhexe siiyaan, xukun hoosaadkii baa meesha ka baxaya.Markaas waxaaimaanaya nidaamka unitaryga meeshana waxaa ka baxaya nidaamka fadaraalka ah.Sidee buu ku yimaada nidaamka fadaraalka?Nidaamka fadaraalka ah wuxuu ku yimaadaa labada qodob ee soo socota:-


1.Waxaa  samayn  kara  waddammo  dhowr  ahoo  madax  bannaan  oo  ah  kuwocaalamku aqoonsan yahay ah, kuwaa sooka tanaasula awoodahooda qaar ka mid ahsi ay u helaan dowlad dhexe oo cusub eeiyaga ka dhaxaysa. Markii ay iskudarsamaan waxaa samaysmaya waddan weyn oo xoog badan, iyagana maamul hoosaad  iyo  mid  kasta  magac  u  gaar  ah  ayaa  la  siiyaa.  Sidaas  waxaa  u samaysmay dalka Maraykanka 1789.2.Fadaraalku wuxuu kaloo ku yimaadaa markiiwaddan nidaamka unitaryga ahuu u kala  burburo  tiro  maamul  goboleedyo  ah,  kuwaa  soo  marka  dambe  iyagu isuyimaada  kuna  heshiiya  nidaamka  fadaraalka  ah.  Sidaas  markii  ay  dhacdo waxaa  dhasha  dalfadaraal  ah.  Sidaasna  waxaa  ku  samaysmay  dalka  Canada 1867.  Tilmaamaha ama astaamaha u gaarka ah Fadareeshanka.

1.Awoodaha oo laQabsado:Dowlad  goboleedyada  fadaralku  ka  kooban  yahaywaxay    raabaanin  ay  dano badan iyo maslaxooyin badan ka helaan dowlad ay wada leeyihiin oo u dhaxaysa, faa’iidooyin ay ku kifaaxaan bayna dowladdaasi u leedahay iyaga.Laakiinisla markaasnawaxay ku   dhagan   yihiin   kuna   adkaysanayaan   in   ay   haystaan magacyadooda  iyo  maamuladooda  u  gaarka  ah.  

Fikarka fadaraalku wuxuu  ku dhisan  yahay  in  la  haysto  midow  iyadoo  midnimadiinakhatar  ku  jirto.  Sidaas daraadeed,awoodaha ayaa loo qaybiyaa dowladda dhexe iyo dowladaha maamul goboleedyada.  Dowlad  kastaa,  fadaraalka  ama  dowlad  goboleed,  waxaalaga dhigay mid u madax bannaan sharciga inta loo xadeeyey. Mid kasta awood sharci iyo  dastuuri  bay  leedahay,  ay u  madax    bannaan  tahay  laakiin  midda  kale shuruucdeeda  iyo  xudduudeeda  sharci    ma  fara  gelin  karro. Ma  jiri  karo fadareeshan  ama  fadaraal  haddii  dowladda  dhexe  iyo  maamul  goboleedyada awoodaha aan loo qaybin.

2.Dastuur adag oo qoran:Dastuurka fadaraalka ama fadareeshankawaa qoran yahay waana adag yahay. Illaa laga dhigo mid qoran, dowladda dhexe  iyo maamul goboleedyada waxaa ka dhex  dhici  kara  muranno  ku  saabsan  xuduudaha  sharci  ee  ay  kala  leeyihiin. Dastuurku waa inuu waliba ahaadaa mid adag oo aan sahal lagu beddeli Karin. Taas waxaa loola jeedaa waa in aan la ogolaan  dastuurkaan in loo beddelo sida sahlan  ee  sharciyada  caadiga  ah  loo  beddelo.Habka  loo  beddeleyo  dastuurka fadaraalka ah waa inuu ahaadaa mid adag. Baahidaan dastuurka fadaraalka inuu ahaado mid adag waxay ka soo baxday xaqiiqada ah haddii si sahlan dastuurka loo beddelo, waxaa yaraanaya awoodihii maamulada xukun hoosaadka haystey ama  waxaaba  meesha  ka  bixi  kara  dowladihii  maamuladu  ay  la  haayeen. Fadaraalkiina halkaas ayuu ku baaba ayaa. Maamul goboleedyadu waligood ma helaan  kalsooni  ah  xukun  hoosaadkooda  in aan  la faragelineyn  ama meeshaba laga saareen haddii baarlamaanka fadaraalka dastuurka si sahlan wax uga beddeli karo. Sidaas awgeed,dastuurka waxaaloo arkaa muqaddes, marka waa inaan si fudud faraha loola gelin.

3.Garsoor Awood Badan oo Madax bannaan:Illaa  markii  la  sameeyeyfadareeshanka waxaa  jira  labo    dowladeed,  inkastoo dastuurku  qeexo  awoodahooda  iyo  xudduudadooda  sharci  ee  ay  kala  leeyihiin,wali waxaa imaan kara muranno ama iskhilaafyo ka dhexkacadowladda dhexe iyo dowladaha  gobolladaama waxay ka dhex dhikaan labo maamul goboleed. Sidaas darteeed,  fadareeshan  kastaa  waxay  leedahay  maxkamad  sare  oo  dastuuri  ah fasirtana  dastuurka  fadaraalkaas,  xalisana  khilaafyada.  Maxkamddaani  waxay ilaalisaa  dastuurka  dalkaas    fadaraalka  ah.  Maxkamaddaasi  waxay  ka  ilaalisaa dowladda  dhexe  iyo  dowlad  goboleedyada  awoodahooda  in  aysan  siyaadsan.Shaqadaan  waxaa  qaban  kara  oo  ka  mira  dhalin  kara  waxaa  weeye garsoor awood badan, madax bannaan, oo dhex dhexaada, kaas oo kali ah baa muranada  sharci ee fadaralka xalin kara.

4.Baarlamaan laba gole ka kooban:Nidaamka fadaraalka baarlamaanka qaranku wuxuu ka kooban yahay laba gole.Dadka dalka fadaraalka ah guudahaaniyo maamul goboleedyada wakiillo u gaar ah baa mid kasta geestiisa loo siiyey. Aqalka sare wuxuu wakiil ka yahay maamul goboleedyada.  Aqalka  hoose  wuxuu  matalaa  dadka  waddanka  fadaraalka  guud ahaan.Golahaan  waxaa loo sameeyey ama loo abuuray dadkahalkaas degan ee dalkaas u dhashay oo dhan.Golaha odayaasha ama aqalka sare wakiil wuxuu kayahay  maamul  goboleedyada  tiro  isle’eg  baa  dowladaha  goboladu  ku leeyihiin.Tusaale  ahaan  dalka  Maraykanka  dowlad goboleed  kastaa  labo  qof   iyada  matala  ayey  u  dirsataa,  kulana  leedahaygolaha  senate-ka,  iyadoon  oo eegeen baxaadda gobolkeedaiyo tiradadadka halkaas degan.

5.Madax Bannaanidii hore  ay u Haysteen meeshey ka baxaysaa:Dalalka  ku  midowbay  halka  dal  ee  fadaraalka  ah  eeiyaga dhexeeya,waxay lumiyaan   madax   bannaanidoodii   hore   sababtoo   ah   midow   goodaa   wuxuu abuuriyaadal ama waddan cusub, kaasoo noqonaya mid madax bannaan

.6.Fadareeshanka ama fadaraalka waa la sameeyaa:Fadareeshanka  ma  koro    laakiin  waa  la  sameeyaa.Dalal  madax  bannaana  oo dowlad nimadooda haystey baa waxay ku heshiiyaan iney hal dal noqdaan, sidaas ayey ku sameeyaan fadaralka fadareeshankuna ku samaysmaa. Koris ama wax hoosta laga soo bilaabay samays ku yimid aha.

7.Midow Rasmi ah oo Joogto ah:Astaan taan ama muuqaalkaan baa ka duwa fadareeshanka konfadareeshanka. Konfadareeshanku  waa  midow  jilicsan  oo  kooban  oo  waddamadu  samaystaan.Laakiin fadareeshinka waa midow rasmi ah oo joogto ah.Dhanka nidaamka Uniteriga aan eegno:Nidaanka uniteriga waa mid keliya kaasoo awooda sare ee xukuumiga ahama dowladda dastuurka dalku  uu  siiyo  dowladda  dhexe  oo  keliya,  taasoo  dalka  oo  dhan  xukunta.  Simaamulka  iyo  shaqaduba  habsami  ugu  socdaan  waxaa  dalka  loo  qaybiyaa  Gobollo, gobolladaas  waxaa  loo  sameeya  maamul.Maamulada  gobollada  waxaa madax  looga dhigaa gudoomiyaal gobol, degmooyinka gobollada hoos yimaadawaxaa madax u noqda godoomiyaal  degmo. Dowladda  dhexe  maamulada  gobollada  waxay  siisaa  awoodo  ay wax ku maamulaan. Awoodahaas gobollada la siiyay waa kuwo kooban, kuwaas oo loo kordhin  karo,  laga  yareyn  karo,  lagana  qaadan  karo  markii  la  rabo.  Sababtoo  ah, goballadu xukun hoosaad ma haystaan nidaamkan awoodaha oo dhan dowladda dhexe gacanteedaayey kujiraan. Dadka maamulaya gobollada dowladda dhexe ayaa magacaabata waana wakiiladeeda meelahaas u jooga. Nidaamkan Unitaryga ah, awoodaha dalka oo dhan waxay gacanta ugu  jiraan  xukuumada  dhexe.  Gobollada  iyo  maamuladooduba  waxaay  toos  u  hoos yimaadan dowladda dhexe ee waddanka, waxayna isticmaashaa awood sare, iyadaana lehawoodaha  ugu dambeeyaee dalka. Nidaamkan hadda aan ka hadlayno dalkii leh dastuurkiisu ma ahan mid sare oo adag.  Dowladaha Engiriiska, Faransiiska, Talyaaniga, Iiraan, Beljim, Japan, Masar, Denmaag, Giriiga, iyo Kenya ayaa ka mid ah waddamada nidaamkan uniteryga ah ku dhaqma.Aan dib ugu noqono nidaamka 

Federaalka:Faa’iidooyinka nidaamka fadaraalka ah uu leeyahay.

1.Umidowbidsi nabad ah oo ikhtiyaar ah samaynta dal xoogleh derti:Fadareeshanku  ama  fadaraalku  wxuu  u  suuro  geliyaa  dalalka  yar  yar  in  ay  u midoow baan  si  nabad  ah  oo  ikhtaar  ahsi  ay  u  noqdaa  dal  weyn  oo  xoog  badan.Waqtigaan casriga ahwaxaa u muhiim ama daruuri ah waddani yar yar iney isku biiraan ama isku darsamaan  si  ay  u  noqdan  midow  aad  u  xoog  badan,  si  ay  iyagu    isaga  difaacaan gardarada lidka ku ah iyo in ay miisaan ku yeeshaan arrimaha caalamka.

2.Horumarinta Ilaha Dhaqaalaha:Dowladda  dhexeeefadaraalka  ahwaxay  gudataa  waajibaad  loo  xadadey  fulintooda loonaigmaday, maamul goboleedyada kala duwan>ee fadaraalka waxay awoodaan in ay  keydiyaan  dhaqaale  badan,  iyagoo  yareynaya  tiro  waaxyadooda  maamulka  ka  mid ah.Tusaale   ahan   dowlada   goboleedyada   
waxaa   laga   qaaday   dhaqaalihiidhanka militariga  iyo diblomaasiyadda kaga bixi lahaa.Dariiqaan fadareeshanka wuxuu u suura galinayaa dalalka yaryar in ay ilahooda dhaqaale si wanaagsan u horumariyaan, markii ay ku midoow baan nidaamka fadaraalka ah.

3.Isu keenidmidnima qaran iyoxukun hoosaad:Nidaamka fadaraalka ah wuxuu isu keenay midnimo qaran iyo xukun hoosaad. Sidaas darteed wuxuu aad ugu haboon ama ugu fiican yahay dalalka waaweyn sida Mareykanka, Indiya iwm.Gobollada kala duwan ee dalalka noocaan oo kale ah, waxay si weyn ugu kala  duwan  yihiin  luuqadda,  dhaqanka,  diinta,  iwm.,  waxayna  leeyihiin  baahiyo  kala duwan oo dhaqaale iyo siyaasad ah. Nidaaamka fadaraalku dowlad goboleedyada wuxuu siinayaaxukun hoosaad, dowlad weyn oo fadaraal ah oo gobolada ka dhaxaysana way jireysaa.  Nidaamkaani  wuxuu  iswaafa  jiyey  dowlad  dhexe  ee  qaran  iyo  maamul goboleedyo, gobol walbaa arrimihiisa hoose ku maamusho, raalina uu ku yahay.

4.Shaqadoo qaybsan:Nidaamka  fadaraalka    waxuu  ku  shaqeeyaa  mabda  a  shaqo  qaybsi.  Dadka  maamul goboleedyada  baa  si  sahlan  waxay  u  xaliyaan  dhibaatooyinkaheerka  goboleedka  ah. Aad bay ugu adag tahaydowladda dhexe ee fadaraalka in ay si fiican wax uga qabato dhibaatooyinka   noocaan   oo   kale   ah.   Dowladda   dhexe   waxay   wax   ka   qabataa dhibaatooyinka  muhiimadda  heerka  qaran  leh.  Arrintaan  shaqooyinka  lagu  qaybinayo waxay keentaain maamulku si fiican u shaqeeyo.

5.Jawi Dimoqraadiyadeed:Fadaraalku arrimaha heer gobol wuxuu hoos geeyey maamul goboleedyada.Arrintaani waxay  dhiira  gelisaain  la  daneeyo  waxyaabaha  guud  ee  bulshada.  U  dhiibidda masuuliyadda dadka degan meelaha dowlad goboleedyada, muuliyaddaasiwaxay iyaga siisaa  tababar  faa’iido  u  leh  oo  muwaadilnimo  ah  amawaddaninimo  am.  Sidaas daraadeed,Fadaraalku  wuxuu  caawiyaa  gacanna  ka  geestaa  dimoqraadiyaddu  in  ay shaqeyso.

6.Fikrad ama aragti ah caalamka oo dhan fadareeshan inuu noqdo;Xoogaa taageera yaasha fadaraalkawaxaysheegaan mabaadiida nidaamka fadaraalka ah  inuu  faa’iido  u  yeelan  karo  caalamkaoo  dhanhaddii  hal  fadareeshanlaga dhigo.Caalamka  oo hal dal ah, baa waxay dhaheen,lagu dhisi karaa mabaadiida dowlad nidaamka fadaraaalka ku shaqeysa.Xukuumad guud dal noocaan oo kale ah waxay wax ka  qabaneysa  dhibaatooyina  ka  guud    ee  kala  duwan    ee  dalalka  adduunka,  isla  mar ahaantaas   waxaa   lasiinayaa   waddamada   caalamka   xukun   hoosaad      buuxa   oo arrimahooda  adduunka  ah.  Dal  caalamka  oo  dhan  wuxuu  awoodi  doonaa  wadidda midnimada iyo nabadda caalamka.

7.Ku Fiicnaansho aadah oo bulshada casriga ah:Bulshada  casriga  ah  waxay  noqoneysaa  mid  adag  oo  aan  si  sahlan  lagu  fahmi  Karin, adeeg goodunauu yahay mid soo kordhayaoodhib badan iyo kala wudanaansho weyn oo dhanka dhaqaalaha, arrimaha bulshada, diinta, dhaqanka, garashada, shaqooyinka iyo danokaloo badan. Arrimahaan oo dhan waxaa si sax ah loo ilaalin karaa markii dalku uu ku dhisan yahay fadaraal.Waxyaabaha faa’iida darada ah ee Fadaraalku leeyahay.Si kastaba ha ahaatee, dalka fadaraalka a ceebo iyo cillado badan ayuu leeyahay.Waana kuwaanhoos ku qoran:

1.Siyaasadda Arrimaha Dibadda waa mid jilicsan:Sidaay sheegeen qaar ka mid ah dadka wax ka qora arriamaha fadaraalka, waddanka fadaraalka ah ma  awoodo  in  uu fuliyo  ama uu  ku dhaqmo  siyaasad  adag  oo arrimaha dibadda ah. Siyaasadda arrimaha dibadda ee dalka fadaraalka ah ma aha mid adag ee waa mid jilicsan. Sababtu waxaa weeye dowlad goboleedyadu waxay leeyihiin awood ay sharciyo  ku  sameeyaan,  si  sahlan  bayna  dowladda  dhexe  wajigabax  ugu  sameen karaan,  waxayna  diidayaan  in  ay  ansixiyaan  sharcigii  loo  baahnaa  inlagu  hirgelino heshiis dowladda fadaraalka ay soo gashay. Dowladda dhexe ee Mareykanka inta badan wayku adag tahay in ay hirgeliso siyaabihii lagu fulin lahaa heshiiskii ay gasho.

2.Jileec Arrimaha Gudaha ah:Fadareeshanka  ama  fadaraalka  wax  qabadkiisaa  arrimaha  gudaha  waa  mid  jilicsan marka  la  barbar  dhigo  nidaamka  unitaryga.  Awoodaha  oo  la  qaybiyaa  fadareeshanka dhexdiisa waxay dowladda dhexe u keentaa tabardarro iyo wax qabasho la’aan. Dhanka kale waddanka ama dalka unitaryga ahawoodaha oo dhan waxay ku aruursan yihiin oo la isugu geeyey gacmaha dowladda dhexe.

3.Dastuur Adag:Fadareeshanka  dastuurkiisuu  badanaa  waa  mid  adag  oo  aan  si  sahlan  wax  looga beddeli  Karin.  Natiijaduna  waxay  noqoneysaa  dowladda  dalku  in  ay  wax  ka  qaban waydo xaaladaha isbeddelaya, arrimo iyo duruufo mar walba imaanaya oo u baahan in wax laga qabto iyi in lala socon waayo waqtiyada isbeddelaya. Dalka Mareykanka kuntonka  dowlad  goboleed  ee  ay  leedahay  toban  iyo  saddex  ka  mid  ah(13)  waxay diidi karaan soo jeedin kasta oo dastuurka wax looga beddelayo.

4.Kharashaad Badan:Dowladda  fadaraalka  ah  way  ka  kharash  badan  tahay  midda  nidaamkakale  ee unitaryga  ah.Labonidaam  dowladeedbaa  ka  jira  dalka  fadaraalka  ah  dhexdiisa. Dowlad   goboleed   kasta   oo   ka   tirsan   waddanka   fadaraalka   waxay   leedahaybaarlamaan, gole fulin iyo maxkamadihii garsoorka.

5.Waqtiyada oo dhan awooduhu si sax ah kuwo loo qaybsaday ma noqon karaan:Awoodahaooloo qaybiyo dowladda dhexe iyo dowlad goboleedyada, taa soo sal u ah  fadareeshanka  ma  ahaan  karro    mar  walba  qaybsi  sax  ah.Si  kastoo,  qorshaha hadda ee qaybsiga awooduhu uu u yahay mid sax ah oo dhammaystiran, ma ahaan karo mid saadaaliya baahiyaha, dalabyada, fikradaha iyo isbeddelada mustaqbalka.Wax hadda loo arko in ay muhiim u tahay gobolama muhiimideedu tahay heer gobol baa barito waxay yeelaneysaa muhiimad heer qaran. Laakiin dowladda qaranku ma heli karto awood cusub iyadoon dastuurka wax laga beddelin ama garsoorku uusan fasirin.  Dastuurka  si  dhaqsa  ah  wax  loogama  beddeli  karo  sababtoo  ah  wuu  adag yahay, fasiraadda garsoorkuna waa mid gaabis iyo hawl iska daba wareegeysa ah.

6.Khatar Kalago:Dowlad goboleedyadauu ka kooban yahay fadareeshanku waxa laga yaabaa in ay damcaan ama daneeyaan iney ka go’aan fadaraalka, sababtuna waxay tahay khilaaf soo  kala  dhexgala  dowladda  dhexe  ee  fadaaralka  iyo  mid  ka  mid  ah  dowlad goboleedyada  ama  khilaafyada  iyo  cabashooyinka  mar  walba  ka  dhex  jira  dowlad goboleedyada xubnaha ka ah dalka fadaraalka iyo dowladda fadaraalka, kuwaa soo ku saabsan luuqadaha, dhaqanka, diinta, jinsiga iyo kala duwanaashaha dhaqaale. Maamul goboleed kastaa wuxuu leeyahay dowladiyo dastuur  gaar u ah.Jenjeersiga xagga go’iddu aad bey u xoog badan tahay fadareeshankagudihiisa marka la barbar dhigo  dalka  unitaryga  gudihiisa.  Sidaasdaraadeed,  dalka  fadaraalka  ah  waxaa  muuqda khataro kala go iyo midnimo la’aan. Khatar taan oo kale mar bay halis geliseysoona wajahdey Switzerland 1847 iyo Mareykanka1861. Tusaale ahaan khatar taani waxay u horseeday East Pakistan oo hadda ah Bangladesh in ay Pakistan ka godo 1971.Konfadareeshan:Konfadareeshan  waxaa  lagu  qeexi  karaa  koox  ama  ururlabodal  ama  in  ka  badan  oo dalal  madax  bannaan  kuwaa  soo  si  joogto  ah  qayb  ka  mid  ah  xoriyaddooda  dhiiba, iyadoo laga leeyahay ujeeddooyin iyo dano  gaar ah.Konfadareeshan wuu ka xoog badan yahay isgaashaan buureysi waddamadaxorta ah dhexdooda  ah,  laakiin wuxuu  ka  hooseeyaa  midowka  fadaraalka.  Konfadareeshanka heerkiisu wuu ka jilicsan yahaynidaamkafadaraalka. Konfadareeshan wuxuu yimaadaa markii  hab  lagu  heshiiyey  lagu  sameeyo  xukun  ka  dhaxeeya  dalalka  samaystay nidaamkaan.  Waddamada  uu  ka  kooban  yahay  konfadareeshanka  xorriyaddoodii  iyo madax  bannaanidoodii  ma  dhiibaan.  Urur  kooda  kama  soo  baxo  dal  cusub.  

Ururkaan dalalka leh wuxuu u qabtaa shaqooyin kooban oo kala ah iskaashi dhankasiyaasadda,dhaqaalaha iyo gaashaandhigga.Waddamada  konfadareeshanku ka  kooban  yahay  markii  ay  rabaanway ka  bixiraan ururkoodaan.Gaba Gabadii:Nidaamka fadaraalka ahu faa’iidooyin iyo khasaarooyin intabada waa leeyahay. Dadka wax ka qora fadaraalka qaar ka mid ah baa waxay qabaan faa’iidooyinkiisu in ay ka badan yihiin  khasaarooyinkiisa.  Laakiin  markii  la  fiiriyo  nidaamka  fadaraalka  ah  waxaa  soo baxaysa inuu ku habboonyahay dalalka waaweyn ee dadkoodu kala duwan yihiin meelo badan. Sida luuqadaha, diimaha, dhaqammada iyo qoomiyadaha. Wuxuu faa’iidooyin badan  u  leeyahay  dalalka  waaweyn  ee  dhiyac  yadaas  badan  ku  kala  duwan.  Laakiin faa’iido umalaha waddamada yar yar gaar ahaan dalkii dadkiisu isku luuqad yihiin, isku diin yihiin, isku dhan yihiin isku dadna yihiin.

AXMED CABDDIRAXMAAN SHIIKH NUUR, SENIOR DIPLOMAT,WASAARADDA ARRIMAHA DIBADDA EEJFS.

Pentagon seeks to expand fight against extremists in Somalia

Washington -  The Pentagon wants to expand the military's ability to battle al-Qaeda-linked militants in Somalia, potentially putting US forces closer to the fight against a stubborn extremist group that has plotted attacks against America, senior US officials said.
The recommendations sent to the White House would allow US special operations forces to increase assistance to the Somali National Army in the struggle against al-Shabaab militants in the fragile Horn of Africa nation, the officials said.
They said the proposal would give the military greater flexibility to launch airstrikes against extremists that appear to be a threat.
Beefing up the military effort in Somalia fits with President Donald Trump's broader request for a Pentagon plan to accelerate the US-led battle against the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria, and defeat other extremist groups, including al-Qaeda and its affiliates.
US concerns about al-Shabaab escalated in recent years as young Americans from Somali communities traveled to training camps in Somalia, raising fears they might return to the United States and conduct terror attacks.
Somalia was one of the seven predominantly Muslim countries included in Trump's travel ban last month.
The executive order has since been suspended by federal courts.
Somalia is "our most perplexing challenge," General Thomas Waldhauser, the head of US Africa Command, said in an interview with The Associated Press.
The United States is "trying to take a look at Somalia from a fresh perspective in the way ahead," he said, describing the need to weaken the decade-old al-Shabaab insurgency so that the African nation's military forces can defeat it.
Waldhauser declined to provide details of the new options that have been proposed.
But other officials said elements include giving US special operations forces greater ability to accompany local troops on military operations against al-Shabaab and easing restrictions on when the US can conduct airstrikes against the group.
The officials weren't authorised to publicly discuss the confidential review and spoke on condition of anonymity
Currently there are about 50 US commandos rotating in and out of Somalia to advise and assist the local troops.
The new authorities could result in a small increase in the number of US forces in Somalia, officials said.
Defense Secretary Jim Mattis has approved the recommendations and sent the plan to the White House earlier this month, they added.
But no final decisions have been made, and the proposal could prove politically sensitive because of the disastrous downing of two US helicopters over Mogadishu in 1993 that killed 18 American troops.
The White House declined to comment, deferring questions to the Defense Department.
Somalia has been without a truly functioning government for two-and-a-half decades. After warlords ousted dictator Siad Barre in 1991, they quickly turned on one another, making Somalia infamous for its extreme rates of violence and the proliferation of pirates operating off its coasts.
Security has improved in recent years as international efforts against al-Shabaab gained ground.
After the bodies of American soldiers were dragged through the streets of Mogadishu when the helicopters were shot down, the US withdrew from the country.
Since then, Islamist hard-liners have vied for power and al-Shabaab's attacks have spread to Uganda and Kenya.
Some of the US officials with knowledge of the new military proposal said it is aimed at improving the US advisory mission because the African Union is planning to pull out its 20 000 peacekeeping forces in Somalia in 2020.
Observers say Somali troops are unprepared to fight the extremist threat on their own.
Currently, US forces can transport and accompany local troops. But they must keep their distance from front lines and can only engage the enemy if they come under attack or if Somali forces are in danger of being defeated.
The new proposal would give US forces the ability to move along with Somali troops into the fight if needed.
While the American military right now can conduct airstrikes in self-defense or to protect Somali troops if they come under attack and request help, the new authorities would be broader.
Officials said that under the new recommendations, the military would be able to launch airstrikes against militants on a more pre-emptive basis. For example, the US could target al-Shabaab fighters gathering for an attack rather than waiting until friendly forces were under fire.
Al-Shabaab has been ousted from most Somali cities and towns, but its suicide bombers continue to kill across large parts of the south and center of the country. That includes Mogadishu, the capital.
Somalia's new president, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, inaugurated on Wednesday, warned that it will take another two decades to "fix" his country. Mohamed, who also holds US citizenship, won election earlier this month as Somalia tries to restore effective governance.
Waldhauser said the US sees an opportunity to work with Mohamed to "train the Somalia national security forces to a level that they can take on al-Shabaab on their own."

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic
Somalia

About Us

The Foundation is dedicated to networking like-minded Somalis opposed to the terrorist insurgency that is plaguing our beloved homeland and informing the international public at large about what is really happening throughout the Horn of Africa region.

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We Are Winning the War on Terrorism in Horn of Africa

The threat is from violent extremists who are a small minority of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims, the threat is real. They distort Islam. They kill man, woman and child; Christian and Hindu, Jew and Muslim. They seek to create a repressive caliphate. To defeat this enemy, we must understand who we are fighting against, and what we are fighting for.

Terror Free Somalia Foundation