The raid occurred a day after HornAfrik celebrated its 12th anniversary as Somalia's first ever independent broadcaster, according to news reports. Warlords, Islamists, and the Somali Transitional Federal Government have variously attacked ( http://cpj.org/2007/04/in-somalia-shelling-destroys-broadcast-stations-in.php ) and harassed ( http://cpj.org/2007/06/somali-government-cracks-down-on-media-over-securi.php ) the station over its coverage, according to CPJ research. HornAfrik's co-founder Ali Sharmarke ( http://cpj.org/2007/08/in-somalia-two-prominent-journalists-assassinated.php ) was among seven journalists murdered in the line of duty in 2007.
Since capturing Kismayo on August 23, the Al Shabab administration has imposed strict restrictions on press freedom, including pre-broadcast censorship, according to local journalists. The city remains one of the most dangerous for journalists in Somalia. This year alone, two Kismayo-based journalists, Nasteh Dahir Farah ( http://cpj.org/2008/06/cpj-calls-for-an-investigation-into-somali-journal.php ) and Hassan Kafi Hared ( http://cpj.org/2008/01/cpj-mourns-the-death-of-somali-reporter.php ), were murdered with total impunity.