In Their Own Words
Who Controls Galmudug?
Galmudug's Key Leadership
Section (1) the parliament can be disbanded when one of the following things occur or they occur together. Section (2) when the majority of the parliamentarians resign. Section (3) when the parliament fails to hold two consecutive sessions in one year without clear justification. Section (4) when it becomes clear that parliamentarians have clearly violated the constitution of Galmudug state constitution. Section(5) when events in sections 2, 3 and 4 occur, the president has to write to the high court which will decide whether the acts stated above did occur and only then can the president issue an order that disbands the parliament.
• ABDI HASSAN AWALE QEYBDIID, former warlord and TFG official, survived a suicide bomb attack in his home • ABDULLAHI MOHAMED SIAD, a renowned lawmaker, was gunned down
• ABDIQAADIR MOHAMED SALAAD (DR. FAARIS), a well-known doctor, was gunned down
• The bodies of two young men were found lying in the northern parts of Galkayo
• Clan/land dispute killed four in Hourmar village
• American, MICHAEL SCOTT MOORE, was kidnapped on the way to the airport in Galkayo
• Radio Galkayo journalist, AHI AHMED ABDI, was killed by gunmen as he returned home from work
Al-Shabaab will continue to flee to any area that provides some level of security, and Galmudug’s Galkayo is their wild west where they can hide amongst residents and IDPs.
Meanwhile, President Alin complained his security forces were ill-equipped saying, “There are companies who bring weapons to TFG in Mogadishu. Galmudug does not receive its share and there are reports that some of the weapons end up in the hands of terrorists,” according to Garowe Online.
This multi clan political unit has a military, political and regional foothold in Galmudug. Although they suffer from their own leadership disputes, the Sufi-cleric led organization has been actively supporting the TFG’s fight against al-Shabaab and Galmudug’s fight against pirates. ASWJ, while supportive in battle, wants the TFG to leave Galgudud according to its spokesman Mohamed Hussein (Awliyo).
Piracy continues to have a major impact on the industry and traffic in the region. Anti-piracy income via security, insurance, surcharges and equipment sales has become a major industry.
Galmudug has stepped up anti-piracy activities resulting the arrest of pirates across the region and locals are increasingly working with police to reject the pirates. Unlike Puntlad which boasts an impressive anti-piracy force, Galmudug’s resources are limited. As a result, pirates remain a powerful force in the central coastal region, mostly in Galmadug, Galkayo, Haradeere and Hobyo.
In late February, reports indicated that pirates were readying their boats to take to the water now that the Wajiilo rains have ended. Groups of pirates arrived in Harardhere, Ceel Dhanaane and Dhinooda after waiting three months for the 'Wajiilo' season (monsoon waves and winds) to die down. The four pirate groups are mostly from the Sa’ad and Salebaan clans (two sub-clans of Hawiye) and appear to have succeeded in their plan.
As of April 6, 2012, pirates are currently holding 25 (11 commercial vessels, 14 fishing vessels/dhows) and 329 hostages (304 on vessels, 25 on land). Pirates were particularly active in March of this year, indicating that anti-piracy efforts are not deterring the criminals. In March alone, eight vessels were hijacked, which marks the highest level since December 2010.
Stress caused by drought, reduced remittances, pastoral rights will continue to result in violent acts and tension. The sway of private militias rather than state controlled security units will also lead to large confrontations often lost among the attacks by al-Shabaab and Puntland forces.
As an internationally recognized state of Somalia, Galmudug is considered a ‘player’ in Somali politics, however, President Alin has yet to establish a meaningful power base in the region.This uneven political power was clearly visible at February’s Garowe II National Constitutional Conference when Galmudug withdrew (but later recanted) citing the growing influence of Puntland. Much of this dissension and game playing comes from having a lack of authority and seeking attention. In reality Galmudug is impoverished, existing in a harsh environment with much of the focus on the southern half of the country. As al-Shabaab moves north through Galmudug, so too will the focus of the international community.
Galmudug’s move to a secure self governing region must begin with security. Locally trained and internationally supported police units to push back against organized crime and terrorism are imperative. Enhancement of basic needs like water, food and aid are also key to bringing stability and turning the desperate away from negative influences, but must begin - again - with security. Enhancement of local governance that includes the nomadic, multi clan nature of the region is also critical to resolve disputes and prevent entry of violent factions to settle scores.