Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Somalia: Ban Ki-moon & Jan Eliasson are greatly saddened by attack on UN compound in Mogadishu. Statement

New York, 19 June 2013 - Deputy Secretary-General's remarks at Security Council Thematic Open Debate on Conflict Prevention and the Extractive Industries

Before I begin my remarks let me say a few words about the tragic events in Mogadishu today.
The Secretary-General and I were greatly saddened and shocked by the outrageous attack on the United Nations compound this morning in Mogadishu.  Full details are still emerging, but we know that several people have died.                              

The Secretary-General and I express our deepest condolences to the families of the deceased.  Our thoughts are with the United Nations staff and all those who have suffered through this tragedy.  We remain committed to the principles of achieving peace and to keep Somalia on its path to recovery. 
  We thank the Government of Somalia and the African Union Mission in Somalia for their prompt response.  I have just learnt that the Secretary-General and the President of Somalia have spoken.
Mr. President,
Excellencies,
This Council is well aware of the link between abundant extractive resources and conflict.  In Sierra Leone, guns financed by blood diamonds and illegal timber are now silent.  Liberia’s Charles Taylor is facing international justice.  The scars of war are healing. 
But, in too many countries, a wealth of resources – such as timber, oil, coal, diamonds and precious metals – fail to translate into equivalent wealth for the people.  Instead, communities and individuals pay a terrible cost in terms of corruption, human rights abuses and environmental damage.  Only a powerful few benefit.  The result of this inequality – this injustice – is bitterness, mistrust and alienation.  These are the precursors of conflict.  This is the resource curse.
Yet, managed wisely, extractive resources can – and should – be the foundation for sustainable development and lasting peace.  I therefore welcome Mr. President, this thematic open debate of the Council and the opportunity to outline how the United Nations system is working with Member States, the private sector and other partners to help transform the resource curse into a resource blessing.
Last month, the Secretary-General briefed the Council about his joint visit with World Bank President Dr. Jim Yong Kim to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and Uganda.  Their message was clear.  Peace, development and the rule of law go hand-in-hand. 
That is why the Council and the United Nations system are supporting the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the DRC and the region.  That is why the World Bank is investing heavily in the region and encourages business to follow.
The private sector is a key player in equitable, transparent and sustainable exploitation of extractive resources – from Botswana to Brazil; from Cambodia to Colombia; from Malaysia to Mozambique.  But it is only one among a broad cast of actors.  Civil society, national governments and international organizations have important roles.  And, where conflict rages or is a distinct risk, the Security Council has its obligations. 
The primary responsibility for preventing conflict and transparently and equitably managing resources, lies with governments.  Political leaders are to ensure that extractive industries generate employment and tax revenues which support economic development and the provision of basic services.  And leaders are to be held accountable by national institutions which promote social cohesion and inclusion, based on rule of law and an independent judiciary. 
Transparency, it should be noted, is not just limited to tracking the flow of payments from extractive industries.  Information about the quantity, value and location of resources is also essential to managing public expectations and reducing tensions. 
Preventing conflict related to resources also means identifying social, economic and environmental impacts.  Measures must be taken to mitigate negative consequences, in close contact with local communities.  And clear processes for compensation must be available to prevent tensions and disputes.  The United Nations Environment Programme has been working closely with the Government of Nigeria to assess the environmental and public health impact of oil contamination in Ogoniland, in the Niger Delta, and to identify the options for clean-up.
United Nations political and peacekeeping missions and country teams support dispute resolution and grievance mechanisms through their rule of law programmes.  We also work to ensure that issues related to extractive industries are part of mediation efforts and are addressed in peace processes.  We have now included an expert on natural resources in our stand-by team of mediation experts.
Together with international financial institutions, we can help governments develop capacity on taxation policies and regulations relevant to extractive industries, and to address the impact of inflation and currency fluctuations. 
There is also a significant gender dimension to extractive industries.  The UN is working to ensure that this aspect is addressed.  In Mozambique, HIV-AIDS is a major problem related to migrant workers working in South Africa’s mines.  UNAIDS is working with companies in South Africa and with the miners’ home communities to raise awareness and reduce transmission.  And with the rapid expansion of Mozambique’s own extractive industries, the UN system as a whole is working on the broad spectrum of related health and development issues.
Where countries are recovering from conflict, the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission and country teams can engage extractive companies in training and employing former combatants. 
Where resource extraction is fuelling conflict, the Security Council, of course, has a crucial role.  The expert groups that support sanctions committees are a valuable tool.  They have presented findings on extractive industries, such as charcoal, timber, diamonds and gold.  Their recommendations to the Council, its committees and to Member States should be important catalysts for action. 
The expert groups have also provided guidance to the private sector, for instance on due diligence for individuals and entities that trade, process and consume minerals from eastern DRC.  Private sector initiatives, such as the Kimberley Process in relation to Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire, and the Extractive Industry's Transparency Initiative, are important to accountability, conflict prevention and sustainable development.  Ending corruption must be a core goal of the United Nations.
Voluntary action by the corporate sector also underpins the United Nations Global Compact and the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.  Endorsed in 2011 by the Human Rights Council, the Principles provide a global standard for preventing and addressing human rights abuses linked to business activity. 
Member States should support these initiatives and principles – both the traditional major players, as well as the emerging economies that are increasingly entering the resources market.
Ultimately, all parties need to recognize – and act upon – the links between poverty, inequality, conflict and sustainable development.  As demand for extractive resources increases, so will competition and rivalry.  This must not lead to more violent conflicts in fragile nations but, rather, to cooperation and a sense of shared responsibility 
As we are seeing in many developing countries, resource wealth can be a catalyst for development.  As the Secretary-General’s High-level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda states: “We need a transparency revolution, so citizens can see exactly where and how taxes, aid and revenues from extractive industries are spent.” 
Let us support this process of transparency and sharing so that the people of developing nations can benefit from their own natural resources.

White House condemns attack on UN headquarters in Somalia
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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic
Somalia

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