Tuesday, September 13, 2011

In Somalia, famine + bad governance = no future

AHMED HUSSEN
In the past two months, a number of Somalis seeking food aid in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, have been shot dead by gunmen. Only days ago, another gunman opened fire, killing six people at a feeding centre. The astonishing thing isn’t that civilians are being killed in Mogadishu, where marauding gunmen affiliated with various warlords make every part of the city a very risky place to be. It’s that, in each instance, the gunmen were government soldiers whose salary and weapons came from the international community.
There’s certainly a disconnect between the international community’s expectations and massive aid to the institutions of the Somali Transitional Federal Government and the failure of those institutions to respond to the real needs of Somalis facing very dire conditions. Hundreds of people are dying every day as a result of Somalia’s famine – and, according to the United Nations, a further 750,000 are facing imminent starvation.

Adequate attention has been paid to the role that the al-Shabaab terrorist group has played in contributing to the starvation and death of thousands of Somalis. The militants have substantially increased the suffering of Somalis by denying the existence of famine, banning relief agencies in the territories they control, and preventing people living in their midst to seek aid in other parts of Somalia.What hasn’t been properly examined is how bad governance by elements of the Transitional Federal Government has resulted in conditions that exacerbate the effects of Somalia’s worst drought in 60 years. Forces under the control of various members of Somalia’s 550-member parliament who moonlight as warlords have been accused of looting food aid, sexually assaulting Somali women who’ve fled al-Shabaab-controlled areas and committing other human-rights abuses. The fact that aid agencies are willing to operate in only a handful of the more than 200 displacement and feeding camps in Mogadishu, a city under the full control of the transitional government, is a glaring example of the unwillingness of its security institutions to protect Somalis and foreign relief workers.Despite this, there are signs that elements of the government are serious about reform, good governance and an end to corruption. In recent years, a number of talented, Western-educated members of the Somali diaspora have decided to offer their technocratic knowledge to Somalia and rebuild it after decades of civil war. These individuals have no history of corruption or war crimes. By introducing ambitious anti-corruption initiatives, they have gained much-needed trust and loyalty from an increasing number of Somalis.The current cabinet, filled with Somalis from the United States, Canada, Britain and Finland, was brought in earlier this summer under a UN deal to try to end months of internecine squabbling. But these reformers within the government can’t succeed without support from the international community.Canada could contribute to this endeavour by extending technical assistance and advice to help these reformers to set up an independent judiciary, draft a constitution and create an effective anti-corruption commission. Donor countries that prop up the transitional government should take swift action against any spoilers of this reform agenda. The international community has to make it clear that it won’t work with any government official who views development aid as a money-making initiative.One of the most effective means of discouraging the theft of development aid has been the freezing of assets of corrupt officials. Combined with travel bans, the freezing of assets has been very effective, for instance, in persuading the Kenyan government to take serious action against corruption.The international community’s responsibility to Somalia is to help the Somalis build viable political and development institutions that will stabilize their country, bring in good governance and improve the economy. These institutions will prevent future famines by encouraging the use of long-term anti-famine nutrition programs, better agricultural methods and the implementation of anti-corruption initiatives that prevent the diversion of food aid.A peaceful and well-governed Somalia will also be able to eliminate the two security concerns currently emanating from the country: piracy and terrorism.Ahmed Hussen is national president of the Canadian Somali Congress. Globe and Mail

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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic
Somalia

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