Sunday, January 5, 2014

Terror Free Somalia Editorial : Why is it necessary to complete the federalisation of Somalia?

Whenever a country goes into a deep conflict (civil war leaving deep scars in the society, mistrust and rivalry for obtaining their “fair share of power and resources”), it’s usual that the segments of the society run at odds against each other. A prescription is required to cure and overcome those difficulties and normally such prescription includes the changes you see in the bullet points affecting the governance structure and the constitution. The changes introduce Federalism and moving away from unitary style of governance. In attempting to do that, governance in Somalia is restructured and completely overhauled. The changes needed are already realised and some of them need to come into the new Constitution, however they lay a strong foundation for the future of Somalia:
· Devolution: Have their fair share of power and resources through creating their Federal Member States (FMS) that unites with similar FMS of the other segments to form the Federal Republic of Somalia. Each FMS will retain certain powers and other powers will be left exclusively for the Federal Government. There are powers that the Federal Government and FMS share. Government offices and headquarters will not only be placed in Mogadishu but should be dispersed throughout the country.
· Proportional representation: Each state will have a number of members of parliament (MPs) equivalent and/or proportional to the size of its population. The more the population of a certain FMS, the more its MPs in the Federal Parliament (the Lower House or Golaha Shacabka) and in the FMS parliament. The Upper House will contain equal members from each FMS.
· FMS: It is best to convince Somaliland to become a Federal Member State with a special status; while Puntland, Juba, Asal State (Bay and Bakool), Banaadir (Middle and Lower Shabelle) and Central Somalia (Hiiraan, Galgaduud and Mudug). That is 6 Federal Member States uniting to form Federal Somalia. The names of the emerging FMS are just my personal view (as it stands today) and surely the reality is different! Khaatumo may emerge ultimately if the quarrel over Khaatumo regions (Sool, Sanaag and Cayn) between Puntland and Somaliland continues.
· Demarcation of FMS borders: Borders should be agreed by the states and then demarcated by the Commission of Border Demarcation and then written into the Constitution.
· Population Census is a pre-requisite for proportional representation. This allows each FMS to get a number of MPs proportional to the size of its population and fair share of resources based, again, on its population.
· Amending the constitution: The constitution will be amended to incorporate the changes introduced into the government structures. The current parliament has to do these amendments.
· Getting Somalia ready for a complete democracy: The changes above will strengthen the foundations of democracy in Somalia and by the Year 2016 Somalia is ready for parties to compete in elections.
Parallel to that, building peace and security and defeating Al-Shabaab and delivering the basic services to the public is a must, if Somalia is to meet the above milestones. This means that the capacity of the government should grow within the coming two and half years and the Federal Government should have effective and inclusive relations with the peripheries; i.e the Federal Member States.

Abdulkadir Abiikar Hussein
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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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