Thursday, January 20, 2011

Somalia: Italy’s new peacemaking efforts : Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi Bilateral Meeting with Somalia's Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi (R) shakes hands with Somalia's Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed during a meeting at Chigi palace in Rome January 20,

The Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, received today at Palazzo Chigi, the Prime Minister of Somalia, Abdullahi Mohamed Mohamed.Italy was the first European country visited by the Prime Minister of Somalia since taking office at the head of the Transitional Federal Government.During the talks, a release of Palazzo Chigi-Prime Minister Berlusconi has renewed political and financial support to the Somali government and the Italian stabilization process in place.The Italian Prime Minister and the Prime Minister of Somalia have been reaching agreements, especially on safety issues: the fight against terrorism in Somalia and the fight against piracy off the coast of the Horn of Africa .Video

The meeting’s main objectives are to underscore the importance of Italy’s commitment to fostering a resolution to the crisis in Somalia, examine the prospects of the Federal Transitional Institutions, and to stress the need for the Mogadishu government’s concrete commitment to re-establishing peace in the country. Minister Frattini, who considers the Somalia dossier one of Italy’s top foreign policy priorities, will also be present at Berlusconi’s encounter with Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmajo”.

The meeting, convened on the request of Somalia, is taking place seven months prior to the end of the Mogadishu Federal Institutions’ transition period. Premier “Farmajo” has set up a more manageable government than those of the past (17 ministers), and will probably ask Italy and the international community for support in involving the most cooperative part of the Somali Diaspora in bringing peace back to the country.

Italy, as the ministry’s Director General for the Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Rosa Anna Coniglio, explained, “will have to evaluate” relations with Somalia, and the Somali premier must “clarify what his plans are” for the final seven months of his mandate, which should close the transitional phase and lead to stable institutions and a legitimate government, as envisaged in the 2008 Djibouti Accord. The present Somali government will have to complete “concrete steps” in the implementation of what are known as the “transitional tasks”, i.e. a national reconciliation strategy, development of governance capacity and re-instatement of essential services for the people. And Italy “will do everything necessary to help, with the understanding, however, that “ownership of the process must be Somalia’s”.

The Somali premier’s mission to Rome follows one to New York, where he held meetings behind closed doors with the Security Council, and is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed’s first visit to Italy since taking up his post, confirming that Italy is considered a key partner in the Horn of Africa and an indispensible interlocutor in the process of stimulating and steering the international community’s support for Somalia’s stablisation.

Italy plays an advocacy role within the EU framework on behalf of the organisation’s greater role in this process. Minister Frattini has involved the EU in a profound reflection on Somalia and sent papers to its Special Representative for Foreign Policy Catherine Ashton containing concrete proposals that have been examined in the External Affairs Council.

On the financial front, €27 million euro has been earmarked for two years, to be divided among: the Italia-Africa peace facility (a fund managed through the African Union and that presents Italy with projects to fund); support for AMISOM (the AU’s military mission in Somalia); support for Somali governance (ministries of foreign affairs, interior, communications, and Radio Magadishu); the Italian Cooperation’s water, healthcare, education and anti-drought programmes.

On the theme of piracy, it is Italy’s belief that, in addition to the forces at sea (currently engaged in two naval missions in the Horn of Africa, for the NATO and the UN), it is necessary to develop the coastal regions that pirates are sailing from. Italy has also proposed the establishment of a special ad hoc tribunal for pirates, as well as for the terrorists that control half of Somalia

SOURCE  Italy – Ministry of Foreign Affairs MAE/EN

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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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The threat is from violent extremists who are a small minority of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims, the threat is real. They distort Islam. They kill man, woman and child; Christian and Hindu, Jew and Muslim. They seek to create a repressive caliphate. To defeat this enemy, we must understand who we are fighting against, and what we are fighting for.

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