Sunday, December 19, 2010

The Economist: Somalia's insurgency : African Union troops in the Somali capital have pushed back Islamist fighters

Sending the boys home

African Union troops in the Somali capital have pushed back Islamist fighters

A day earlier Major Mbusi narrowly escaped with his life when a mortar landed nearby without exploding. Fired by the Shabab militia—linked to al-Qaeda—it lacked a charge and instead contained a 12.7mm machine-gun cartridge. The Islamist fighters may be finding it hard to supply their lines, he says. In any case, their fortunes seem to be changing.
For the past three years some 8,000 Ugandan and Burundian troops have served under the command of the African Union (AU) in Mogadishu without great effect. They operate under a “peacemaking” mandate bankrolled mainly by the Americans. Fighting alongside them are soldiers loyal to the Somali transitional government of President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed, forces of Ahla Sunna Waljama, a moderate religious movement, and a smattering of other gunmen. Their opponents number several thousand and call themselves Shabab, or “boys” in Arabic. They control most of southern Somalia.
A Shabab offensive in August and September was aimed at taking control of the capital but failed dismally. Some 700 Shabab fighters were killed and many more wounded. Among the dead were foreigners from Uzbekistan, Saudi Arabia and Chechnya. As the jihadists foundered, the Ugandans and Burundians thrust forward in a pincer movement towards the Bakara market, the city’s commercial hub.
The Shabab now control only 40% of Mogadishu proper (excluding sparsely populated outlying districts), down from about 60% a few months ago. Officials in charge of food distribution say there has been a drift of displaced people from Shabab districts to government areas, boosting commerce.
Transport has improved, too. The Makaal Mukarama Road, which links the presidential palace with the AU headquarters at the airport, was previously unsafe. The Shabab targeted it with improvised explosive devices, machinegun-fire and mortars. Now packed minibuses and private cars pass up and down, and the Ugandans have handed over many of the checkpoints to lightly armed Somali government troops.
The Ugandans have also pushed the Shabab back from the presidential palace, a significant success. In some places earlier this year they were only a few metres away. Now they are fighting in the mixed district of Bondere, some 400 metres from the centre of government.
The Burundians too have discovered new courage. Under heavy fire they captured Mogadishu’s old military hospital, which had been a Shabab stronghold.
Across most of the city, AU troops have now pushed back Shabab positions by as much as a kilometre (0.6 miles). The presidential palace remains within range of Shabab fire, but the port—under regular attack six months ago—has not been hit by a mortar since October. The AU’s mandate allows it to attack only once it has been fired upon, but that does not seem to have been a hindrance.
The Shabab are far from beaten, yet their ability to attack government officials and their buildings has been noticeably reduced. “We have killed their mortar experts and degraded their weapons,” says Colonel Michael Ondoga, a Ugandan commander.
Encouraged by recent victories, AU commanders have developed ambitious new plans. With the help of reinforcements, they hope to push the Shabab out of the Bakara market. A UN Security Council meeting in New York this week will decide whether to offer additional funds. The government’s main source of official revenues is a paltry $1m a month in port fees.
Mohamoud Ahmed Nur, the mayor of Mogadishu, is optimistic that life will start to improve. He reckons the city has 1.2m residents, half of them under 18. A third are displaced and many live in makeshift plastic shelters. Literacy is low and hunger is a big concern, making the well-funded Shabab an attractive employer.
The effort to provide better services is led by Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, a former employee of the New York state transportation department who was recently appointed prime minister. He spends most of his time in a rudimentary office trying to avoid assassination. “I don’t want to sound Republican, but we have the smallest government,” he says.
Among the hopeful signs he sees are alleged splits in the Islamist movement between pragmatists and those committed to fighting to the death for global jihad. In Shabab areas of the city, pro-government radio stations are expanding their audience, it is said.
But suggestions that the Shabab have been beaten look premature. The group has shown an ability to revive itself. Attempts to infiltrate it have often backfired. And a fall in the number of roadside bombs and suicide bombings may be tactical. Many Somalis still respond to Shabab sermons, which cloak Somali irredentism with the banner of Islam.Economist, UK
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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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The threat is from violent extremists who are a small minority of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims, the threat is real. They distort Islam. They kill man, woman and child; Christian and Hindu, Jew and Muslim. They seek to create a repressive caliphate. To defeat this enemy, we must understand who we are fighting against, and what we are fighting for.

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