Monday, May 14, 2012

Humanitarianism Under Fire

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Summer Book Reviews

The US and UN Intervention in Somalia” by Kenneth R. Rutherford – Summary: Praised by Peace Laureates, professors, United States Senators, and more, Kenneth R. Rutherford's historical look at humanitarianism in Somalia is a profound and heart-wrenching book. Rutherford is a Ph.D. and MALS holder from Georgetown University. He is the current director of the Center for International Stabilization and Recovery and teaches at James Madison University in Virginia.
Rutherford's book looks at the humanitarian intervention in Somalia and focuses on the United Nation's ability to complete a peace mission during wartime. The book offers a detailed and thought-provoking look at this time in Somalia's history. He provides new interviews with people involved and offers his own research, gleaned from five separate countries. In the end, he explains how policy decisions made today can actually be traced back to the U.N. intervention in Somalia and the consequences from it.

  • “Understanding the Somalia Conflagration: Identity, Islam, and Peace Building” by Afyare Abdi Elmi – Summary: Afyare Abdi Elmi is a Somali/Canadian Professor currently working at the University of Alberta, Canada. She offers insight into Somalia's colonial period and moves us forward in time to the 1991 civil war that enveloped the country. From reviews, the book offers a well-structured, yet easy-to-read piece of literature that is engaging and informative at the same time. Basically, the assertion from Elmi involves retracing the roots of a country in order to figure out a way to begin the healing process and the peace process. To do this, the author delves into clan identities, Islam, and how other countries in the area can assist the peace-building process within Somalia. If you're a reader who's interested in both Somalia and history, be sure to take a look at the resources section at online history degrees.

  • “Somalia: The New Barbary? Piracy and Islam in the Horn of Africa” by Martin N. Murphy – Summary: The reviews for Murphy's work rate it as masterful, well-organized, objective, authoritative, and invaluable, among many other glowing remarks. He examines terrorism and piracy in Somalia, through looking at the history, organization, motivation, methods, and tactics of Somali pirates. With a link towards Somali political groups, Murphy explains, in great detail, the threat of piracy and what's being done to end these issues. He concludes there is a link between the growth of Somali pirates and the political groups in power in the country. In the end, he looks at what possible political and military solutions can be enacted in order to end the scourge of piracy in Somalia.

  •  “Milk and Peace, Drought and War: Somali Culture, Society and Politics” by Markus Hoehne and Virginia Luling – Summary: Editors Markus Hoehne and Virginal Luling take on work done by I.M. Lewis, who is widely thought of as the preeminent researcher of Somalia history and origins in the world. In this book, the best available scholars break down Lewis' work, and in doing so, help to advance new theories and thoughts on Somalia, its history, and where it's going as a country. Issues tackled include Britain and Italy as colonial powers, Somali politics, its political future, the role of the Somali diaspora, along with much more.

  • Sources

    Columbia University Press (2012)

    Books for Understanding (2011)

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    Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

    Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

    Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

    Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
    Somalia army parade 1979

    Sultan Kenadid

    Sultan Kenadid
    Sultanate of Obbia

    President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

    Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

    Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

    Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

    Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
    Sultanate of Warsengeli

    Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

    Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
    Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

    MoS Moments of Silence

    MoS Moments of Silence
    honor the fallen

    Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

    Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
    Beautiful handshake

    May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

    May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
    Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

    The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

    When our world changed forever

    His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

    His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
    Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

    Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

    Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
    Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

    Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

    Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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    The Foundation is dedicated to networking like-minded Somalis opposed to the terrorist insurgency that is plaguing our beloved homeland and informing the international public at large about what is really happening throughout the Horn of Africa region.

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    The threat is from violent extremists who are a small minority of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims, the threat is real. They distort Islam. They kill man, woman and child; Christian and Hindu, Jew and Muslim. They seek to create a repressive caliphate. To defeat this enemy, we must understand who we are fighting against, and what we are fighting for.

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