Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Tough task ahead for Somalia's new prime minister

In interview, American-educated PM calls for the US and others to "step up to the plate."

MOGADISHU, Somalia — In an interview at his Mogadishu residence, Somalia’s newly appointed prime minister called on the United States and others to “step up to the plate” and support his government in its efforts to combat Al Shabaab Islamist insurgents who threaten the country and the region.
The appointment of Mohamed Abdillahi Mohamed, a 48-year-old political newcomer with an American passport, was announced late on Thursday afternoon at a brief press conference convened by President Sheikh Sharif Ahmed at Villa Somalia, the hilltop government quarter guarded by some of the 7,000 soldiers deployed by the African Union to defend the government.
This is the latest bid to bring stability to the world’s most failed state where the U.S.- and United Nations-backed Transitional Federal Government is fighting against Al Shabaab, a Somali rebel group with links to Al Qaeda.
“Security is the No. 1 priority,” Mohamed told GlobalPost as government officials milled about his house waiting for an audience the day after his nomination.
“For the government to function you have to be free of violence, you have to have a place where the community and the population can live without fear,” he said. Outside sporadic gunfire and artillery cracked and shook the hot afternoon air, a reminder of how little peace Somalia has enjoyed for the last two decades.
“It’s not an easy task, it’s not something we can overcome overnight,” he said. “But peace is everything, co-existing without violence is the target and we won’t compromise [on that].”
He called on the international community to be a partner to his government. “Now is the time to help the Somali government,” he said, “it’s not an option, it’s a necessity. We are dealing with Al Shabaab who are extremists and willing to take the war to anywhere throughout the world.”
Mohamed replaces Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke who resigned in September after months of wrangling with the president that stymied government, undermining both its reputation among foreign backers and its ability to fight Al Shabaab.
On Friday the U.N.’s Special Representative for Somalia, Augustine Mahiga, welcomed Mohamed’s nomination saying, “time will not allow for any further crises within the leadership of Somalia.” The interim government’s mandate is due to expire in August and in the meantime daily fighting continues to wrack the capital.
“Maybe war is inevitable but the policy of my government is not for war to be the first thing,” said Mohamed. “We don’t want to spill any blood, we don’t want to add any more destruction. This country has been in chaos for 20 years and a lot of blood has been shed.”
During those war-wracked years, Mohamed lived in the U.S. where he had moved in 1985 to work at the Somali Embassy in Washington, D.C. When the government of Siad Barre collapsed in 1991, he stayed in the U.S. with his wife and four children in Buffalo, N.Y., where he worked in public administration and taught at the State University of New York, the college where he earned both undergraduate and masters degrees. Before Thursday, he had only returned to Somalia once in 25 years.
Privately some officials complained that Mohamed, who is an unknown figure in Mogadishu, would be unable to find his way through the rough and tumble of Somali politics, which are riven with clan interests. “Where did he come from? Nobody knows him. He looks like a puppet,” muttered one former minister.
His first challenge will be to win the approval of a majority of Somalia’s 550 lawmakers and then appoint a cabinet. “Playing politics is unpredictable,” said Mohamed. “I will do everything in my power to convince our MPs why I am here, that there are no ulterior motives except to contribute.”
But vested interests and worse are at play among the politicians and Mohamed promised to tackle these. “We have to fight against corruption and the misappropriation of state funds and aid from friendly countries,” he said.
He said he would appoint a cabinet of about 18 members rather than the bloated 39-member cabinet headed by his predecessor and hoped to attract more of the educated Somali diaspora, people like himself who have lived abroad for years. “The only way to bring back a peaceful nation is not only to be a spectator but to be part of the solution,” he said.

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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
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MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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