Friday, May 28, 2010

Lost in translation: security training for Somalia

A German soldier (C) instructs Somali government soldiers -AFP

Somali government soldiers run formation drills during a training course
BIHANGA MILITARY BASE, Uganda — Somalia's fledgling army faces countless hurdles before it can claim to control its territory but the most immediate obstacle is understanding what the instructors are saying.On the second day of a one-year programme by the European Union to train Somali soldiers, both sides were still finding their feet.A Spanish instructor shouted orders in broken English to his assistant, a Ugandan officer, who relayed the message in Swahili to a Kenyan translator who in turn translated it into Somali to get through to the trainees.
"I want them like this, facing like this. You understand?" was the command by the officer to have the trainees run in a tighter formation.A batch of 76 Somali government soldiers were the first in the training financed by the EU to the tune of five million euros (6.2 million dollars) and involving 150 military trainers from 14 EU states.The programme targets 2,000 Somalis to form a professional army to protect Somalia's Transitional Federal Government faced with a deadly Islamist insurgency in the lawless country's capital Mogadishu."The only problem we are having so far is language," said Warrant Officer Milton Opoka, one of the Ugandan trainers.
Mission commander Colonel Ricardo Gonzalez Elul of the Spanish army however voiced optimism at the latest effort by the international community to prop up the embattled Somali government."(These) new trained troops will have, I think, the capacity and capability to fight against the insurgents in Mogadishu," Elul said.Uganda, which has deployed troops to Somalia for the African Union peace force, is hosting the exercise because it will spearhead the repatriation and integration of the trained Somali troops.
But Uganda's military also knows that withdrawing its peacekeepers will be easier if the Somali government is able to defend itself."We believe that we have to assist the Transitional Federal Government... to take charge of their own security because we do not foresee (our) forces staying forever," Uganda's army spokesman Felix Kulayigye said at the training base.
As Spanish, German, Hungarian, French and Irish soldiers conducted drills, one Somali trainee said he was grateful for the help."This training is very good. It is (more) special than other training," said 28-year-old Abdullahi Ibrahim Aden.However, neither the European nor Ugandan military officials are certain that their students will remain loyal to a embattled government that currently controls only a patch of Mogadishu.Aden, whose familly lives in a region held by Al Qaeda-linked Shebab militia, insisted that loyalty can only be guaranteed if the government pays its troops fairly and on time."If they are paid, people will stay and believe in what they are doing without fearing," he said, explained that the promise of money is the Shebab's most effective recruitment technique.Elul, the mission commander, made the same plea.
"For the Transitional Federal Government, it will be easier to keep all the trained troops together as long as they can succeed in paying their salaries."While Ugandans are responsible for much of the basic training, the EU is focusing on identifying tactics to equip Somalia's army with junior officers drilled in special skills like mine detection and close combat in crowded urban areas.On-field training only started on Monday, but one Hungarian soldier said things were going better than predicted."They look very skinny and weak, but actually they are very strong," First Lieutenant Csaba Horvath told AFP. "They are more professional than we expected."
He expressed confidence his students were taking their lessons seriously.
"I think they will remember everything," he said. "They have to, because basically their life depends on the knowledge we are teaching them."Aden confirmed that both he and his fellow trainees are paying close attention to the lessons, largely because the stakes are so high.
"Somali children, women, all grandfathers, grandmothers... every day they are dying in the streets of Mogadishu. That's why I came to be a volunteer. To change what's happening in the country. That's why I'm here," he said.

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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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