Friday, May 21, 2010

Why Kenyans joined Somali war

They are death machines, trained to kill by Somalia’s al-Shabaab, which has been linked to the world’s most wanted terrorist — Osama bin Laden.
They roam the country freely after quietly sneaking back after their quest for fortunes in the lawless country came to naught.This is the story of Kenyans lured to enlist with the terror group, which the US government says is a proxy for Bin Laden’s al-Qaeda. Trained in guerrilla tactics, the use of deadly weapons, combat skills, endurance and other military drills, the Kenyans pose a security risk to the country. Some have spent up to three years fighting for the ragtag movement in the jungles of Somalia.
However, in exclusive interviews with The Standard on Sunday, the men said they were never attracted to the movement’s ideology, but only sojourned to the neighbouring country in search of riches.
They say although they were fighting for a radical group, they were not jihadists, and refuse to compare themselves with other fighters from around the world who have joined al-Shabaab’s ranks.
The militia has fighters from Africa, the Middle East — including Afghanistan and Pakistan — and from as far away as the US and Australia. Many of the foreigners, especially Pakistanis, are trainers.The men said dozens of Kenyan youth have joined the violent movement, which has imposed a form of sharia law in parts of Somalia where it rules with ruthlessness.There were also children from central and southern Somalia enlisted in the militia. Some were orphaned by the war, separated from their families, abandoned or roaming the streets, and have therefore become targets for the recruiters.Children luredThe man said the militants were using children because they could easily be brainwashed into the war without asking questions, as opposed to adults. Scores of children and women not engaged in actual fighting were also serving as the militants’ informers.Unicef Somalia’s Chief of Communication, Denise Shepherd-Johnson, said the recruitment of children was growing.We understand that thousands of children and young people are being trained in basic arms techniques as well as more sophisticated skills such as assassination, intelligence collection and use of improvised explosive devices," she said. She said the majority of children are aged above 14 but there are cases of some as young as nine. Trainers are both Somalis and foreigners.Many of the children are from central and southern Somalia. Some were orphaned by the war, separated from their families, abandoned or roaming the streets, and have therefore become targets for the recruiters.Others were trying to assist their destitute families in the face of widespread destruction caused by more than 20 years of chaos."The number of bases and camps used to train these children is widespread and appears to be growing. The information that UN protection agencies have received from monitors on the ground indicates that the use of children in the fighting is widespread," she said in an email response to our enquiries.Shepherd-Johnson confirmed testimonies of the Kenyan men, saying: "Brainwashing appears to be a significant ingredient in some of the recruitment techniques of the extremist anti-government groups, and this is fuelled by the inflow of radical ideas, as well as foreign fighters and trainers with a violent agenda."She said sources have suggested some groups would even kill a parent who prevents their child from being recruited.Others were trying to assist their destitute families in the face of widespread destruction caused by more than 20 years of chaos.The returnees said they met scores of Kenyans there, while others joined them later. However, many are coming back after years fighting a war they never understood, and finding no happiness.The revelations come hot on the heels of a UN report saying Kenyans account for about half of all foreigners fighting under al-Shabaab, who are recruited through a network operating in Nairobi.

BrainwashedThe UN accused Kenya of failing to cooperate in enforcing an arms embargo against Somalia, and of training fighters for the Transitional Federal Government.Al-Shabaab controls swathes of Somalia and the capital Mogadishu, where a fledgling Transitional Federal Government is struggling to gain a foothold with the help of the African Union.In recent months, the African Union Mission to Somalia (Amisom) and government soldiers have been preparing for battle to reclaim Mogadishu, Kenyan youth still working for al-Shabaab will find themselves trapped in yet another bloody war in a foreign country."There were many of us. I went there because I was miserable at home," said one of the returnees, who said he was being paid $300 per month (about Sh21,000). But at times, they would go for months without pay and no one dared ask their superiors."They told us we were fighting enemies of Islam, mostly Ethiopians, Americans and Europeans. But whenever we went to fight, I did not see any foreigners. It was always Somalis against Somalis," said one of the returnees.He added: "I realised people were being brainwashed so they could accept to fight for al-Shabaab. So I decided to quit."
Now, most of the returnees spend their time running away from the law at a time the Kenyan Government has declared to stop any al-Shabaab elements in the country.They reveal how they were approached by agents working for the terrorist movement in northern Kenya, and readily accepted with hopes of escaping crippling poverty at home.Somalia has had no working Government since 1990, when the then president Siad Barre was unseated from power. The country has since degenerated into a patchwork of fiefdoms controlled by violent groups and clans. 

 Failed peace effortsEfforts by friendly countries to restore a government, including a peace-building effort hosted by Kenya itself, have come to nothing.Police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said the force was investigating reports of Kenyans fighting for the terrorist movement, but had not arrested anyone directly linked with enlisting with al-Shabaab. "It is a treasonable offence. In fact enlisting in a foreign military force is regarded as an act of aggression against your own country," said Kiraithe.He said police were interested in nailing not just those who joined al-Shabaab, but also those who recruited them.If the law catches up with them, they face jail terms of up to ten years. Kenya takes matters of enlisting in a foreign military outfit seriously, and has enacted laws which ban such practices. According to the Penal Code (CAP 63), it is a criminal offence for a Kenyan to "accept or agree to accept any commission or engagement in the military, naval, air, police or other armed forces or service of any nature whatsoever."Kenyans can only enlist in the military of a foreign state with the express authority of the President.The Penal Code adds that anyone who induces another to do so "is guilty of an offence and is liable to imprisonment for 10 years." It only gives exclusion to those who do not enlist voluntarily.
Other police sources said scores arrested in a recent crackdown after Muslim youths rioted in Nairobi were helping with investigations. After the bloody confrontations, Internal Security Minister George Saitoti said al-Shabaab elements were involved in planning the riots.Muslim leaders denied the claims, but others also came forward to denounce the demos.Some of those arrested are helping us to gather intelligence," said a senior police officer.While leaders from northern Kenya did not want to discuss the matter, one confirmed youth had crossed over to fight in Somalia due to poverty. One leader, who did not wish to be named for fear of being targeted by al-Shabaab, agreed that those fighting in Somalia were not doing so for ideological reasons.
"They lack opportunities to earn a living, so they think they can join the group and make some money," he said.
However, he said in 2006 when the Islamic Courts Union had taken over Mogadishu and restored calm, some Kenyans joined its ranks as sympathisers."People felt that the courts were doing a good job. They wanted to go and help," he said.However, al-Shabaab is itself an offshoot of the Islamic Courts Union, which broke up after a two-week onslaught by Ethiopian soldiers in 2009. By Patrick Mathangani

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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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The Foundation is dedicated to networking like-minded Somalis opposed to the terrorist insurgency that is plaguing our beloved homeland and informing the international public at large about what is really happening throughout the Horn of Africa region.

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The threat is from violent extremists who are a small minority of the world's 1.3 billion Muslims, the threat is real. They distort Islam. They kill man, woman and child; Christian and Hindu, Jew and Muslim. They seek to create a repressive caliphate. To defeat this enemy, we must understand who we are fighting against, and what we are fighting for.

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