Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Silanyo Proposes Power-sharing Between SNM and USC

Ahmed M. Silanyo
Editors Note: In line with its long-established tradition of sharing with its esteemed readers subject matters of historical, political and social significance as well as of particular public interest, WardheerNews is pleased to dust off a forgotten old proposal or treatise by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamud (Silanyo) - “A Proposal To The Somali National Movement On A Framework For A transitional Government In Somalia”, which was written in London in March 1991. Silanyo proffered this incisive proposal as a roadmap for a power-sharing formula between two of the victorious rebel movements that ousted the Somali government of late Mohamed Siad Barre – Somali National Movement (SNM) and United Somali Congress (USC).

Though in his carefully considered proposal, Silanyo consciously and selectively excludes certain rebel groups, such as SPM and SSDF, from partaking the deliberations of the proposed power sharing arrangement, his otherwise commonsensical propositions are far from parochial and, had it been permitted to see the light of the day, could have averted the cataclysm and mayhem which ensued after the collapse of Barre’s dictatorial regime. It may also have prevented the subsequent unilateral declaration of secession by the SNM.

Nevertheless, Silanyo’s well-nuanced proposal serves as a clear testimony to the fact that the SNM had no pre-planned, premeditated motive to dismember Somalia, but that hardliners within the SNM organized and commandeered a clan conference in Burao in May 1991, as an angry reaction to the provocative unilateral formation of an interim government in Mogadishu by USC on January 26, 1991.

Silanyo’s proposal, despite its inherent flaws, is a reflection of the squandered opportunities by the clan-based armed rebel movements that toppled Siad’s government, which were, on the whole, bereft of any discernible national vision, broadbased inclusiveness or political program.

In essence, Silanyo’s proposal speaks for itself. Enjoy!

A proposal to the Somali National Movement on a Framework for a Transitional Goverment
By Ahmed M. Silanyo
C.C. Member, Ex Officio Former
Chairman, SNM

London, March 1991

Introductory Notes:

Today, symbols such as the national flag are all that remain of the somali state. There is no goverment or central authority in existence. This a tragic situation that should never have come to pass. But it did, ought to be rectified. However, if we are to build a nation state again, on the ashes of destruction and disintegration left by Siad Barre and build it on firmer foundations this time, we should, perhaps take a little time to ponder over it. to read the entire report click here.

Related Articles:

- Somalia: A Nation without an Elite-based Movement, Challenges and Opportunities
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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
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Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
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May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

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Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
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Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic
Somalia

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