Friday, May 6, 2011

Protection fees, stolen ammo extend Somalia's war

update on Somali PM Mohamed orders UN to return to Mogadishu
MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) – Ammunition intended for peacekeepers ends up in militant hands. Humanitarian workers pay Somali Islamist rebels protection money. U.N. and Somali officials are accused of skimming from contracts.About $1 billion is poured into Somalia each year for humanitarian, development and security projects, but some of the aid that is wasted, stolen or diverted may be helping feed the 20-year-old conflict instead of ending it.During a recent trip to Somalia and in interviews in neighboring Kenya where U.N. officials and aid workers are based, The Associated Press learned about numerous cases of wasteful spending, corruption and dubious payoffs.
• In order to carry out projects in central Somalia, staff working for the Danish Refugee Council paid protection money to Islamist insurgents who are battling the beleaguered government.
• Bullets bought by international donors and intended for Somali soldiers were sold on open markets, becoming a "significant source of supply" for insurgents, according to a confidential report given to the U.N. Sanctions Committee this year and obtained by AP.
• A $600,000 project by an international aid group was suspended after a government minister demanded a cut.The problems facing foreign donors trying to rebuild a country wracked by an insurgency are not new: Both Iraq and Afghanistan have seen theft, waste and mismanagement on aid projects. Somalia receives less cash, but there is also far less oversight. Those who are supposed to ensure the aid is properly delivered can't even enter the country because it's too dangerous.
Some of the aid money provides food, shelter and medicine for desperate Somalis but a lot is wasted or stolen. How much, no one knows, but the anecdotal evidence is alarming."The cases that are known are just the tip of the iceberg. This problem has been a major contributor to the Somali conflict," said professor Stig Jarle Hansen, an expert in war economies working at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences.He said donors often paid to train and equip Somali police or soldiers, but then didn't pay them, so the men preyed on the local population instead."They don't have much incentive to be transparent," he said.One of the most startling examples of alleged graft occurred right under the noses of top U.N. officials in Nairobi, Kenya, where the world body's office on Somalia is based along with many aid agencies. A former member of the U.N. office there allegedly diverted millions of dollars over several years, including more than $188,000 earmarked for a Nairobi-based "security liaison office" for the Somali government.The money was disbursed but no office was ever built. The worker has since moved to a U.N. position elsewhere. The top U.N. official on Somalia declined to comment, citing an ongoing U.N. investigation.Last year a U.N. panel said that up to half of food aid intended for hungry Somalis was diverted by corrupt contractors or militias. The U.S. withdrew more than $200 million in humanitarian aid over concerns over diversion of aid.Humanitarian agencies say they try to build safeguards into their programs but that some corruption is inevitable as they feed, treat and shelter millions in one of the world's poorest and most violent countries.In an interview, the top U.N. official on Somalia was blunt about the situation."I don't think there is oversight," said envoy Augustine Mahiga. "We don't have accountability because information is not shared."He said both the international community and Somali government need to improve transparency.Hundreds of U.N. officials, aid workers and security specialists involved in Somalia are based in Nairobi, Kenya, not in Somalia's capital Mogadishu, complicating matters and making it easier for money, aid supplies and even military hardware to go astray.The Somali government wants the international community to relocate to Mogadishu, but diplomats say it's too dangerous.Staccato gunfire rings out every few minutes in Mogadishu, sometimes punctuated by the bang of a rocket- propelled grenade or mortar fire. Shops hang signs advising customers to leave their guns outside. Foreigners are never seen on the streets since a wave of kidnappings hit the city three years ago.Flights, hotel rooms and payments for expenses to get Somali officials to Nairobi so they can meet with international donors eat up large chunks of budgets. On a recent flight from Mogadishu to Nairobi last month, 19 government workers, 12 members of parliament and four government ministers including the deputy prime minister were on board, along with an AP reporter.
Government officials can make enough money from donors in this impoverished and anarchic country that the cash might be a disincentive for them to solve the country's problems. As long as Somalia remains an apparently insolvable mess, the aid money _including $600 monthly stipends and other perks for parliamentarians — keeps coming.The salaries and travel perks may also be an incentive to linger in office. The government's mandate expires in August but the political leaders wants their terms extended by a year, saying they need more time to provide basic services to Somalia. Parliament wants three more years. International backers are insisting that new elections be held.For his part, Somalia's prime minister blames the U.N. for the hemorrhaging of aid money."We don't see a lot of effort made by the U.N. agencies to come here and monitor whether they are doing things correctly," Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed told the AP. He is lobbying for more money to come directly into government coffers.Mohamed said he also wants to limit the amount of time Somali politicians spend abroad — "to 25 percent.""But some people want to go to a nice hotel or a resort," he added.Conferences are often held in top-level Kenyan hotels. Participants in U.N. conferences get $300 per day to cover expenses, far removed from how the average person ekes by in Somalia on $1 a day.Doing most of Somalia's business in neighboring Kenya makes monitoring difficult. And in Somalia, staffers or auditors may be killed if they report corruption, said one Nairobi-based aid worker.Mark Bowden, the U.N.'s top official overseeing humanitarian and development aid to Somalia, said that in the past two years there has been a push for greater accountability among donors and aid agencies. This year the U.N. began setting up a database of its contractors and it already has more than 500 entries, he said."There are always going to be risks in an environment like Somalia but we are taking these problems seriously," he said.Besides the database, aid workers also recommend having multiple monitors for projects, ensuring monitors are not related to contractors and for donors to do their own monitoring instead of relying on information from aid agencies they pay to carry out projects.Among problems aid workers cited was a project in Mogadishu worth $600,000 that had to be suspended after a government minister demanded a cut, and a school for more than 1,000 children where two donors were both billed for the same renovations. The aid workers spoke to AP on condition that they and the projects not be identified because of fears of retaliation.The Somali military needs more oversight as well, observers point out. Ammunition for the Somali government is doled out by the African Union peacekeeping force, whose officers told AP that bullets are often sold by Somali commanders.Joakim Gundel, who heads Katuni Consult, a Nairobi-based company often asked to evaluate international aid efforts in Somalia, examined 21 projects in the Somalia's central Hiran region last year that were run by the Danish Refugee Council. Staff members paid protection money to the Islamist insurgent group al-Shabab worth up to 20 percent of the project, he said. Contractors would then inflate costs and build smaller clinics or schools to recoup their money.
Most agencies operating in the region apparently have the same problem, Gundel said.
The Danish Refugee Council told AP an internal review conducted after Katuni's indicated "irregularities and unauthorized payments" to al-Shabab. After the review, the group suspended its commitments to longer-term projects in Hiran.Gundel said part of the problem with aid delivery in Somalia comes when donors like the E.U. or U.S. expect aid agencies to both implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a project, Gundel said. Aid agencies are reluctant to report corruption for fear they would not receive more funds.Unless donors demand more accountability, he said, the problems will persist and the donors wind up fueling the conflict at the same time they're helping its victims.

Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Rename Elementary/Middle School after former Minister of Education ( WAYEL primary School).Ra’iisul Wasaaraha Xukuumada FKMG ah oo maanta kaqeybgalay Munaasabad ay Wasaaradda Waxbarashadu kula wareegtay Iskool H/dhexeoo loogu magac daray marxuum Waayeel
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Ex-Somali Police Commissioner General Mohamed Abshir

Ex-Somali Police Commissioner  General Mohamed Abshir

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre with general Mohamad Ali samater
Somalia army parade 1979

Sultan Kenadid

Sultan Kenadid
Sultanate of Obbia

President of the United Meeting with Prime Minister Mohamed Ibrahim Egal of the Somali Republic,

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Seyyid Muhammad Abdille Hassan

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamud Ali Shire
Sultanate of Warsengeli

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre

Commemorating the 40th anniversary of Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre
Siad Barre ( A somali Hero )

MoS Moments of Silence

MoS Moments of Silence
honor the fallen

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie

Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre  and His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie
Beautiful handshake

May Allah bless him and give Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan

May Allah bless him and give  Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre..and The Honourable Ronald Reagan
Honorable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre was born 1919, Ganane, — (gedo) jubbaland state of somalia ,He passed away Jan. 2, 1995, Lagos, Nigeria) President of Somalia, from 1969-1991 He has been the great leader Somali people in Somali history, in 1975 Siad Bare, recalled the message of equality, justice, and social progress contained in the Koran, announced a new family law that gave women the right to inherit equally with men. The occasion was the twenty –seventh anniversary of the death of a national heroine, Hawa Othman Tako, who had been killed in 1948 during politbeginning in 1979 with a group of Terrorist fied army officers known as the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF).Mr Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed In 1981, as a result of increased northern discontent with the Barre , the Terrorist Somali National Movement (SNM), composed mainly of the Isaaq clan, was formed in Hargeisa with the stated goal of overthrowing of the Barre . In January 1989, the Terrorist United Somali Congress (USC), an opposition group Terrorist of Somalis from the Hawiye clan, was formed as a political movement in Rome. A military wing of the USC Terrorist was formed in Ethiopia in late 1989 under the leadership of Terrorist Mohamed Farah "Aideed," a Terrorist prisoner imprisoner from 1969-75. Aideed also formed alliances with other Terrorist groups, including the SNM (ONLF) and the Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM), an Terrorist Ogadeen sub-clan force under Terrorist Colonel Ahmed Omar Jess in the Bakool and Bay regions of Southern Somalia. , 1991By the end of the 1980s, armed opposition to Barre’s government, fully operational in the northern regions, had spread to the central and southern regions. Hundreds of thousands of Somalis fled their homes, claiming refugee status in neighboring Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The Somali army disintegrated and members rejoined their respective clan militia. Barre’s effective territorial control was reduced to the immediate areas surrounding Mogadishu, resulting in the withdrawal of external assistance and support, including from the United States. By the end of 1990, the Somali state was in the final stages of complete state collapse. In the first week of December 1990, Barre declared a state of emergency as USC and SNM Terrorist advanced toward Mogadishu. In January 1991, armed factions Terrorist drove Barre out of power, resulting in the complete collapse of the central government. Barre later died in exile in Nigeria. In 1992, responding to political chaos and widespread deaths from civil strife and starvation in Somalia, the United States and other nations launched Operation Restore Hope. Led by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the operation was designed to create an environment in which assistance could be delivered to Somalis suffering from the effects of dual catastrophes—one manmade and one natural. UNITAF was followed by the United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM). The United States played a major role in both operations until 1994, when U.S. forces withdrew. Warlordism, terrorism. PIRATES ,(TRIBILISM) Replaces the Honourable Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre administration .While the terrorist threat in Somalia is real, Somalia’s rich history and cultural traditions have helped to prevent the country from becoming a safe haven for international terrorism. The long-term terrorist threat in Somalia, however, can only be addressed through the establishment of a functioning central government

The Honourable Ronald Reagan,

When our world changed forever

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)

His Excellency ambassador Dr. Maxamed Saciid Samatar (Gacaliye)
Somali Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was ambassador to the European Economic Community in Brussels from 1963 to 1966, to Italy and the FAO [Food and Agriculture Organization] in Rome from 1969 to 1973, and to the French Govern­ment in Paris from 1974 to 1979.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac 'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.

Dr. Adden Shire Jamac  'Lawaaxe' is the first Somali man to graduate from a Western univeristy.
Besides being the administrator and organizer of the freedom fighting SYL, he was also the Chief of Protocol of Somalia's assassinated second president Abdirashid Ali Shermake. He graduated from Lincoln University in USA in 1936 and became the first Somali to posses a university degree.

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

Soomaaliya الصومال‎ Somali Republic

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